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Sirtuin 2 (SIRT2) is one of seven known mammalian protein deacetylases homologous to the yeast master lifespan regulator Sir2. In recent years, the sirtuin protein deacetylases have emerged as candidate therapeutic targets for many human diseases, including metabolic and age-dependent neurological disorders. In non-neuronal cells, SIRT2 has been shown to(More)
A potent cytotoxic peptide (r7-kla) was synthesized by incorporating a mitochondrial membrane disrupting peptide, kla (klaklakklaklak), with a cell-penetrating domain, r7 (rrrrrrr). The IC(50) of r7-kla (3.54 +/- 0.11 micromol/L) was more than two orders of magnitude lower than that of kla. r7-kla induced cell death in both in vitro and in vivo(More)
BACKGROUND Cathepsin K (CatK), a potent elastinolytic and collagenolytic cysteine protease, likely participates in the evolution and destabilization of atherosclerotic plaques. To assess better the biology of CatK activity in vivo, we developed a novel near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) probe for imaging of CatK and evaluated it in mouse and human(More)
Inhibition of sirtuin 2 (SIRT2) deacetylase mediates protective effects in cell and invertebrate models of Parkinson's disease and Huntington's disease (HD). Here we report the in vivo efficacy of a brain-permeable SIRT2 inhibitor in two genetic mouse models of HD. Compound treatment resulted in improved motor function, extended survival, and reduced brain(More)
Osteoclasts degrade bone matrix by demineralization followed by degradation of type I collagen through secretion of the cysteine protease, cathepsin K. Current imaging modalities are insufficient for sensitive observation of osteoclast activity, and in vivo live imaging of osteoclast resorption of bone has yet to be demonstrated. Here, we describe a(More)
Sirtuin deacetylases regulate diverse cellular pathways and influence disease processes. Our previous studies identified the brain-enriched sirtuin-2 (SIRT2) deacetylase as a potential drug target to counteract neurodegeneration. In the present study, we characterize SIRT2 inhibition activity of the brain-permeable compound AK7 and examine the efficacy of(More)
A biocompatible surface-functionalized nanoparticle was designed to sense phosphatidylserine exposed on apoptotic cells. We conjugated synthetic artificial phosphatidylserine binding ligands in a multivalent fashion onto magnetofluorescent nanoparticles. Our results show that (1) the synthetic nanoparticles bind to apoptotic cells, (2) there is excellent(More)
The family of histone deacetylases (HDACs) has recently emerged as important drug targets for treatment of slow progressive neurodegenerative disorders, including Huntington's disease (HD). Broad pharmaceutical inhibition of HDACs has shown neuroprotective effects in various HD models. Here we examined the susceptibility of HDAC targets for drug treatment(More)
Inhibition of sirtuin 2 (SIRT2) is known to be protective against the toxicity of disease proteins in Parkinson's and Huntington's models of neurodegeneration. Previously, we developed SIRT2 inhibitors based on the 3-(N-arylsulfamoyl)benzamide scaffold, including3-(N-(4-bromophenyl)sulfamoyl)-N-(4-bromophenyl)benzamide(C2-8, 1a), which demonstrated(More)