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The BIO14.6 hamster is a widely used model for autosomal recessive cardiomyopathy. These animals die prematurely from progressive myocardial necrosis and heart failure. The primary genetic defect leading to the cardiomyopathy is still unknown. Recently, a genetic linkage map localized the cardiomyopathy locus on hamster chromosome 9qa2.1-b1, excluding(More)
The EuroBioBank (EBB) network (www.eurobiobank.org) is the first operating network of biobanks in Europe to provide human DNA, cell and tissue samples as a service to the scientific community conducting research on rare diseases (RDs). The EBB was established in 2001 to facilitate access to RD biospecimens and associated data; it obtained funding from the(More)
The cost of treatment is covered by health insurance and is continued in health centers, at home of patients and in the inclusive school departments. Patients with neuromuscular diseases from other (mostly rural) areas are also allowed to rehabilitate in these institutions. Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies have similar signs and symptoms and are(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to assess different outcome measures in a cohort of ambulant boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) over 12 months in order to establish the spectrum of possible changes in relation to age and steroid treatment. METHODS The study is a longitudinal multicentric cohort study. A total of 106 ambulant patients with DMD(More)
BACKGROUND The limb girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMD) are a heterogeneous group of Mendelian disorders highlighted by weakness of the pelvic and shoulder girdle muscles. Seventeen autosomal loci have been so far identified and genetic tests are mandatory to distinguish among the forms. Mutations at the calpain 3 locus (CAPN3) cause LGMD type 2A. (More)
OBJECTIVE To test the effect of the single nucleotide polymorphism -66 T>G (rs28357094) in the osteopontin gene (SPP1) on functional measures over 12 months in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). METHODS This study was conducted on a cohort of ambulatory patients with DMD from a network of Italian neuromuscular centers, evaluated longitudinally with the(More)
We compare the long-term benefits and side effects of deflazacort using two treatment protocols from Naples (N) and Toronto (T). Boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy between the ages of 8 and 15 years and who had four or more years of deflazacort treatment were reviewed. Diagnostic criteria included males with proximal muscle weakness evident before 5(More)
The North Star Ambulatory Assessment is a functional scale specifically designed for ambulant boys affected by Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Recently the 6-minute walk test has also been used as an outcome measure in trials in DMD. The aim of our study was to assess a large cohort of ambulant boys affected by DMD using both North Star Assessment and(More)
AIM Since growth hormone (GH) has proven beneficial in experimental heart failure, and the natural history of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) is frequently complicated by the development of dilated cardiomyopathy, we administered GH to six patients with DMD and 10 with BMD, with the evidence of cardiac involvement. (More)