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To assess the incidence, nature and evolution of cardiac disease in Duchenne muscular dystrophy, 328 patients were studied between 1976 and 1987 for periods varying from 3 to 11 years. Patients underwent regular clinical examination, electrocardiography, echocardiography and radiological assessment. Pre-clinical cardiac involvement was found in 25% of(More)
The BIO14.6 hamster is a widely used model for autosomal recessive cardiomyopathy. These animals die prematurely from progressive myocardial necrosis and heart failure. The primary genetic defect leading to the cardiomyopathy is still unknown. Recently, a genetic linkage map localized the cardiomyopathy locus on hamster chromosome 9qa2.1-b1, excluding(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the presence and behavior of the dystrophinopathic myocardial damage in female carriers of a gene defect at the Xp21 locus of the X chromosome that causes Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies (DMD and BMD). DESIGN Cohort study from April 1, 1985, to April 30, 1995, with cardiologic follow-up performed yearly for a minimum of(More)
Limb girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD) type 2A (LGMD2A) is caused by mutations in the CAPN3 gene encoding for calpain-3, a muscle specific protease. While a large number of CAPN3 gene mutations have already been described in calpainopathy patients, the diagnosis has recently shifted from molecular genetics towards biochemical assay of defective protein.(More)
Mutations in any of the genes encoding the alpha, beta or gamma-sarcoglycan components of dystrophin-associated glycoproteins result in both sporadic and familial cases of either limb-girdle muscular dystrophy or severe childhood autosomal recessive muscular dystrophy. The collective name 'sarcoglycanopathies' has been proposed for these forms. We report(More)
Female carriers of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) are usually asymptomatic. However, 2.5-7.8% of them may present muscle symptoms and cardiomyopathy, attributed to a reduced production of dystrophin, probably because of skewed patterns of X-chromosome inactivation (XCI). To evaluate the role of XCI in symptomatic (at muscle or heart level) and(More)
Mutations in the calpain 3 (CAPN3) gene are responsible for limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD) type 2A. We report five causal mutations: 550delA, DeltaFWSAL, R541W, Y357X and R49H found on 45/50 of alleles studied in 25 unrelated families from Croatia. The 550delA mutation was present on 76% of CAPN3 chromosomes that led us to screen general population(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE A quality of life (QoL) questionnaire for neuromuscular diseases was recently constructed and validated in the United Kingdom in a sample of adult patients with a variety of muscle disorders. Preliminary results suggested it could be a more relevant and practical measure of QoL in muscle diseases than generic health measures of QoL.(More)
TRIM32 belongs to a large family of proteins characterized by a tripartite motif, possibly involved in the ubiquitination process, acting as an E3 ligase. In addition, TRIM32 has six NHL repeats with putative interaction properties. A homozygous mutation at the third NHL repeat (D487N) has been found in patients with limb girdle muscular dystrophy 2H(More)
Limb-girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMD) are a heterogeneous group of inherited neuromuscular disorders characterized by proximal muscular weakness of the pelvic and shoulder girdles and a variable progression with symptoms, ranging from very severe to mild. One autosomal dominant (LGMD1A, at chromosome 5q22.3-31.3) (ref. 3) and five autosomal recessive (AR)(More)