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Considerable circumstantial evidence suggests that Abeta42 is the initiating molecule in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. However, the absolute requirement for Abeta42 for amyloid deposition has never been demonstrated in vivo. We have addressed this by developing transgenic models that express Abeta1-40 or Abeta1-42 in the absence of human amyloid(More)
Alzheimer's disease is characterized by the deposits of the 4-kDa amyloid beta peptide (A beta). The A beta protein precursor (APP) is cleaved by beta-secretase to generate a C-terminal fragment, CTF beta, which in turn is cleaved by gamma-secretase to generate A beta. Alternative cleavage of the APP by alpha-secretase at A beta 16/17 generates the(More)
Mutations in the tau gene have been described in families affected by frontotemporal dementia with parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17. The authors performed a genetic and biochemical analysis of this gene and its product in the parkinsonism dementia complex of Guam, a disorder characterized by the extensive formation of neurofibrillary tangles. The tau(More)
The Alzheimer's amyloid protein (Abeta) is released from the larger amyloid beta-protein precursor (APP) by unidentified enzymes referred to as beta- and gamma-secretase. beta-Secretase cleaves APP on the amino side of Abeta producing a large secreted derivative (sAPPbeta) and an Abeta-bearing C-terminal derivative that is subsequently cleaved by(More)
Mutations in the leucine rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) gene are responsible for autosomal dominant and sporadic Parkinson disease (PD), possibly exerting their effects via a toxic gain of function. A common p.G2019S mutation (rs34637584:A>G) is responsible for up to 30-40% of PD cases in some ethnic populations. Here, we show that LRRK2 interacts with human(More)
Numerous studies have established a pivotal role for Abeta42 in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. In contrast, although Abeta40 is the predominant form of amyloid beta (Abeta) produced and accumulates to a variable degree in the human AD brain, its role in AD pathogenesis has not been established. It has generally been assumed that an increase in(More)
Mutations in the BRI(2) gene cause the autosomal dominant neurodegenerative diseases familial British dementia (FBD) and familial Danish dementia (FDD). BRI(2) is a member of a family of type 2 integral transmembrane spanning proteins, including mBRI(2), its murine homologue. The function of BRI(2) is unknown. Northern and Western analyses and in situ(More)
An Australian family with autosomal dominant presenile nonspecific dementia was recently described. The disease results in behavioral changes, usually disinhibition, followed by the onset of dementia accompanied occasionally by parkinsonism. Twenty-eight affected individuals were identified with an age of onset of 39 to 66 years (mean, 53 +/- 8.9 years). We(More)
The abnormal accumulation of the amyloid beta protein (Abeta) has been implicated as an early and critical event in the etiology and pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Compounds that reduce Abeta accumulation may therefore be useful therapeutically. In cell-based screens we detected a significant reduction in Abeta concentration after treatment with(More)