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Nicotiana tabacum pollen tubes contain two high molecular weight polypeptides (about 400 kDa), which are specifically expressed during pollen germination and pollen tube growth in BK medium. The high molecular weight doublet resembles the dynein heavy chains in some biochemical properties. Sedimentation profiles of pollen tube extracts show that the high(More)
New ligands for a variety of biological targets can be selected from biological or synthetic combinatorial peptide libraries. The use of different libraries to select novel peptides with potential therapeutic applications is reviewed. The possible combination of molecular diversity provided by combinatorial libraries and a rational approach derived from(More)
Peptides derived from the sequence of a single-chain, recombinant, antiidiotypic antibody (IdAb; KT-scFv) acting as a functional internal image of a microbicidal, wide-spectrum yeast killer toxin (KT) were synthesized and studied for their antimicrobial activity by using the KT-susceptible Candida albicans as model organism. A decapeptide containing the(More)
GNA 1870 is a novel surface-exposed lipoprotein, identified by genome analysis of Neisseria meningitidis strain MC58, which induces bactericidal antibodies. Three sequence variants of the protein were shown to be sufficient to induce bactericidal antibodies against a panel of strains representative of the diversity of serogroup B meningococci. Here, we(More)
The branched M33 antimicrobial peptide was previously shown to be very active against Gram-negative bacterial pathogens, including multidrug-resistant strains. In an attempt to produce back-up molecules, we synthesized an M33 peptide isomer consisting of D-aminoacids (M33-D). This isomeric version showed 4 to 16-fold higher activity against Gram-positive(More)
We found that synthetic peptides in the form of dendrimers become resistant to proteolysis. To determine the molecular basis of this resistance, different bioactive peptides were synthesized in monomeric, two-branched and tetra-branched form and incubated with human plasma and serum. Proteolytic resistance of branched multimeric sequences was compared to(More)
Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTH-rP), a protein produced by prostate carcinoma and other epithelial cancers, is a key agent in the development of bone metastases. We investigated whether the protein follows the self-tolerance paradigm or can be used as a target Ag for anticancer immunotherapy by investigating the immunogenicity of two(More)
We previously produced synthetic peptides mimicking the snake neurotoxin binding site of the nicotinic receptor. These peptide mimotopes bind the snake neurotoxin alpha-bungarotoxin with higher affinity than peptides reproducing native receptor sequences and inhibit toxin binding to nicotinic receptors in vitro; yet their efficiency in vivo is low. Here we(More)
Peptide libraries allow selecting new molecules, defined as mimotopes, which are able to mimic the structural and functional features of a native protein. This technology can be applied for the development of new reagents, which can interfere with the action of specific ligands on their target receptors. In the present study we used a combinatorial library(More)