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CD4+ T cell lines and clones specific for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antigens have been generated from peripheral lymphocytes of naive individuals by priming with the envelope protein gp120, the enzyme reverse transcriptase (p66), and their synthetic peptides. T cells were tested for proliferation to proteins, to peptides, and to HIV virions.(More)
Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTH-rP), a protein produced by prostate carcinoma and other epithelial cancers, is a key agent in the development of bone metastases. We investigated whether the protein follows the self-tolerance paradigm or can be used as a target Ag for anticancer immunotherapy by investigating the immunogenicity of two(More)
Peptides derived from the sequence of a single-chain, recombinant, antiidiotypic antibody (IdAb; KT-scFv) acting as a functional internal image of a microbicidal, wide-spectrum yeast killer toxin (KT) were synthesized and studied for their antimicrobial activity by using the KT-susceptible Candida albicans as model organism. A decapeptide containing the(More)
In previous papers, we observed that dendrimers of peptide mimotopes of the nicotinic receptor ligand site are strong antidotes against the lethality of the nicotinic receptor ligand alpha-bungarotoxin. Although their in vitro activity is identical to that of dendrimers, the corresponding monomeric peptide mimotopes are not effective in vivo. Because the(More)
Tetanus and botulinum neurotoxins type B and G are zinc-endopeptidases of remarkable specificity. They recognize and cleave a synaptic vesicle-associated membrane protein (VAMP)/synaptobrevin, an essential protein component of the vesicle docking and fusion apparatus. VAMP contains two copies of a nine-residue motif, also present in SNAP-25(More)
We found that synthetic peptides in the form of dendrimers become resistant to proteolysis. To determine the molecular basis of this resistance, different bioactive peptides were synthesized in monomeric, two-branched and tetra-branched form and incubated with human plasma and serum. Proteolytic resistance of branched multimeric sequences was compared to(More)
Human monoclonal antibodies are promising agents for the development of more selective anticancer therapeutics. However, the tumor-targeting efficiency of most anticancer antibodies is severely limited by their poor penetration into the tumor mass. Recent studies have shown that a peptide derived from the HIV TAT protein could improve the distribution of(More)
GNA 1870 is a novel surface-exposed lipoprotein, identified by genome analysis of Neisseria meningitidis strain MC58, which induces bactericidal antibodies. Three sequence variants of the protein were shown to be sufficient to induce bactericidal antibodies against a panel of strains representative of the diversity of serogroup B meningococci. Here, we(More)
The branched M33 antimicrobial peptide was previously shown to be very active against Gram-negative bacterial pathogens, including multidrug-resistant strains. In an attempt to produce back-up molecules, we synthesized an M33 peptide isomer consisting of D-aminoacids (M33-D). This isomeric version showed 4 to 16-fold higher activity against Gram-positive(More)