Learn More
Stimulation of [3H]serine-labeled A431 cells with tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) or bacterial sphingomyelinase (SMase) resulted in a rapid decrease (approximately 50% by 15 min) in cellular [3H]sphingomyelin content and generation of the lipid moiety [3H]ceramide, which remained elevated 60 min later. Sphingomyelin hydrolysis in response to TNFalpha(More)
In [3H]serine-labelled granulosa cells treatment with TNF alpha (10 ng/ml) resulted in a transient decrease in cellular [3H]sphingomyelin and generation of [3H]ceramide that remained elevated 60 min later. In cells labelled with [methyl-14C]choline, TNF alpha induced a similar reduction in [14C]sphingomyelin content that was accompanied by a sustained(More)
In cultured granulosa cells, interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) induced a time-dependent (16-72 h) and dose-related (0.3-30 ng/ml) stimulation of nitric oxide (NO) synthase (NOS) activity, as determined by the catalytic conversion of [3H]arginine to [3H]citrulline and NO2- accumulation in the culture medium. Although FSH alone failed to stimulate NOS activity,(More)
We have examined the effects of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) and its second messenger, ceramide, on HMGCoA reductase, the rate-limiting enzyme in the mevalonate pathway. Treatment of human U-937 and HL-60 cells with TNF alpha or C2-ceramide inhibited both expression and activity of HMGCoA reductase in a time-dependent manner. Maturation of(More)
Ceramide has emerged as a pleiotropic signal mediator of cellular responses including differentiation, proliferation, cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. In the present study we evaluated the effect of cell permeant ceramide analogues on ligand-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of the EGF receptor (EGFR), phospholipase Cy (PLCgamma) activity and cell(More)
Initial biosynthetic radiolabelling experiments with cultured granulosa cells revealed the presence of an oligosaccharide-phosphatidylinositol (glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol; (Ose)nPtdIns) structurally related to (Ose)nPtdIns-lipids isolated from other cell types. Prolactin (PRL) stimulated [3H]glucosamine-(Ose)nPtdIns turnover and the rapid generation of(More)
Serum levels of testosterone and dihydrotestosterone were measured in control and diabetic animals 5, 10 and 15 days after streptozotocin administration. The diabetic state produced a marked reduction in serum androgen levels 10 and 15 days after streptozotocin administration. Insulin treatment partially restored the circulating androgen levels when(More)
In granulosa cells labeled to isotopic steady-state with [3H]serine, addition of interleukin-1 beta (IL1 beta) or bacterial sphingomyelinase (SMase) induced a rapid decrease (approximately 60% by 10 min) in cellular [3H]Sphingomyelin content and a prolonged generation (up to 60 min) of [3H]ceramide, the immediate lipid-moiety generated in response to(More)
Treatment of rats in vivo with ACTH provoked increases in whole adrenal contents of phosphatidylinositol and diacylglycerol. Concomitantly, C-kinase activity decreased in cytosol and increased stoichiometrically in the membrane fraction. It appears that the de novo phospholipid synthesis effect of ACTH is accompanied by increases in diacylglycerol and(More)