Luisa E Brighton

Learn More
When cultured at an air-liquid interface (ALI) in the appropriate medium, primary human airway epithelial cells form a polarized, pseudostratified epithelium composed of ciliated and mucus-secreting cells. This culture system provides a useful tool for the in vitro study of airway epithelial biology and differentiation. We have performed microarray analysis(More)
Several factors, such as age and nutritional status, can affect the susceptibility to influenza infections. Moreover, exposure to air pollutants, such as diesel exhaust (DE), has been shown to affect respiratory virus infections in rodent models. Influenza virus primarily infects and replicates in respiratory epithelial cells, which are also a major targets(More)
Chicks trained to take a food reward at the end of a runway can be distracted by changes in the appearance of either the food dish towards which they are running or of the walls of the runway remote from the food dish. Testosterone (administered as a long lasting ester 48 hours before testing) increases distraction produced by the former and decreases(More)
The most conspicuous evidence of airway epithelial maturation and vitality is the presence of motile cilia. In an effort to generate genetic and antigenic markers of airway maturation, injury, and repair, we characterized airway epithelial expression of a gene identified by two human expressed sequence tags that encoded peptides with sequence similarity to(More)
Coordinated microscopic and molecular biological studies were used to document gap junction expression during postnatal development in ferret tracheal epithelium and lung and in fetal and adult human airway and lung. Expression of connexin 26 (Cx26) in the ferret airways was limited to the epithelial layer and was observed only during the newborn interval.(More)
BACKGROUND Viral infections and exposure to oxidant air pollutants are two of the most important inducers of asthma exacerbation. Our previous studies have demonstrated that exposure to diesel exhaust increases the susceptibility to influenza virus infections both in epithelial cells in vitro and in mice in vivo. Therefore, we examined whether in the(More)
The atmosphere constitutes a prime vehicle for the movement and redistribution of metals. Metal exposure can be associated with an oxidative stress. We tested the hypothesis that, in response to an iron-containing particle, the human respiratory tract will demonstrate an increased expression of both lactoferrin and ferritin as the host attempts to transport(More)
We previously demonstrated that, in nasal epithelial cells (NECs) from smokers, methylation of an antiviral gene was associated with impaired antiviral defense responses. To expand these findings and better understand biological mechanisms underlying cigarette smoke (CS)-induced modifications of host defense responses, we aimed to compare DNA methylation of(More)
3-nitrotyrosine (NO2Tyr), an L-tyrosine derivative during nitrative stress, can substitute the COOH-terminal tyrosine of alpha-tubulin, posttranslationally altering microtubular functions. Because infection of the cells by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) may require intact microtubules, we tested the hypothesis that NO2Tyr would inhibit RSV infection and(More)
Human exposure to particulate matter (PM) is a global environmental health concern. Zinc (Zn(2+)) is a ubiquitous respiratory toxicant that has been associated with PM health effects. However, the molecular mechanism of Zn(2+) toxicity is not fully understood. H2O2 and Zn(2+) have been shown to mediate signaling leading to adverse cellular responses in the(More)
  • 1