Luisa E. Brighton

Learn More
When cultured at an air-liquid interface (ALI) in the appropriate medium, primary human airway epithelial cells form a polarized, pseudostratified epithelium composed of ciliated and mucus-secreting cells. This culture system provides a useful tool for the in vitro study of airway epithelial biology and differentiation. We have performed microarray analysis(More)
It is unknown whether nutritional deficiencies affect the morphology and function of structural cells, such as epithelial cells, and modify the susceptibility to viral infections. We developed an in vitro system of differentiated human bronchial epithelial cells (BEC) grown either under selenium-adequate (Se+) or selenium-deficient (Se-) conditions, to(More)
The atmosphere constitutes a prime vehicle for the movement and redistribution of metals. Metal exposure can be associated with an oxidative stress. We tested the hypothesis that, in response to an iron-containing particle, the human respiratory tract will demonstrate an increased expression of both lactoferrin and ferritin as the host attempts to transport(More)
Several factors, such as age and nutritional status, can affect the susceptibility to influenza infections. Moreover, exposure to air pollutants, such as diesel exhaust (DE), has been shown to affect respiratory virus infections in rodent models. Influenza virus primarily infects and replicates in respiratory epithelial cells, which are also a major targets(More)
The ciliated epithelium of the respiratory airways is one of the first vital systemic surfaces in contact with the ambient air. Ex vivo nasal epithelial ciliary beat frequency (CBF) at room temperature is on the order of 7-8 Hz but may be stimulated by irritant exposure. The upregulation of CBF in response to acute irritant exposure is generally considered(More)
Coordinated microscopic and molecular biological studies were used to document gap junction expression during postnatal development in ferret tracheal epithelium and lung and in fetal and adult human airway and lung. Expression of connexin 26 (Cx26) in the ferret airways was limited to the epithelial layer and was observed only during the newborn interval.(More)
Ozone (O3) causes significant adverse health effects worldwide. Nasal epithelial cells (NECs) are among the first sites within the respiratory system to be exposed to inhaled air pollutants. They recruit, activate, and interact with immune cells via soluble mediators and direct cell-cell contacts. Based on our recent observation demonstrating the presence(More)
Viral infections and exposure to oxidant air pollutants are two of the most important inducers of asthma exacerbation. Our previous studies have demonstrated that exposure to diesel exhaust increases the susceptibility to influenza virus infections both in epithelial cells in vitro and in mice in vivo. Therefore, we examined whether in the setting of(More)
In vitro models using human primary epithelial cells are essential in understanding key functions of the respiratory epithelium in the context of microbial infections or inhaled agents. Direct comparisons of cells obtained from diseased populations allow us to characterize different phenotypes and dissect the underlying mechanisms mediating changes in(More)
Prior exposure of respiratory epithelial cells to an aqueous-trapped solution of diesel exhaust (DE(as)) enhances the susceptibility to influenza infections. Here, we examined the effect of DE(as) on the Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) pathway, which is responsible for the recognition of and response to viruses and double-stranded RNA. Flow cytometric and(More)