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Pterostilbene and 3,5-hydroxypterostilbene are the natural 3,5-dimethoxy analogs of trans-resveratrol and piceatannol, two compounds which can induce apoptosis in tumor cells. In previous studies we demonstrated the importance of a 3,5-dimethoxy motif in conferring pro-apoptotic activity to stilbene based compounds so we now wanted to evaluate the ability(More)
The hepatic cancer HA22T/VGH cell line, which constitutively expresses activated nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kB), was chosen as a model to examine the antitumor activity of curcumin, also in relationship to its possible influences on the activation of the transcription factor and on the expression of the inhibitory of apoptosis proteins (IAPs) and of other(More)
Many anticancer drugs are able to induce apoptosis in tumor cells but the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon are poorly understood. Some authors reported that the p53 tumor suppressor gene may be responsible for drug-induced apoptosis; however, chemotherapy-induced apoptosis can also be observed in p53 negative cells. Recently, doxorubicin (DXR) was(More)
Resistance to imatinib mesylate is an emergent problem in the treatment of Bcr-Abl expressing myelogenous leukemias and additional therapeutic strategies are required. We observed that galangin, a non-toxic, naturally occurring flavonoid was effective as anti-proliferative, and apoptotic agent in Bcr-Abl expressing K562 and KCL22 cells and in imatinib(More)
We have investigated the expression of the IAPs (inhibitory of apoptosis proteins) in the human HL-60 leukemia and in its multidrug resistant, P-glycoprotein (P-gp) over-expressing variant, HL-60R. HL-60R exhibits resistance to apoptosis induced from P-gp substrate drugs and also from other triggers (cisplatin, TNF-alpha, Fas ligation, TRAIL, IFN-gamma and(More)
We studied the human HL60 leukemia cell line and its multidrug resistant (MDR) variant HL60R. In contrast to the HL60, HL60R showed an inability to undergo apoptosis from doxorubicin (Dox) or other different stimuli, including cisplatin, Fas ligation and serum withdrawal. HL60R cells lost surface Fas expression, but we found no evidence that Fas/FasL(More)
Catalase activity was followed up in the hearts and livers of CD 1 mice treated with Doxorubicin 4 mg/Kg, i.v., weekly for 9 weeks. In this murine model the antiblastic induces cardiac morphological lesions which are progressively severer with the increase of the administered cumulative dose. Heart catalase showed a consistent elevation which reached a(More)
To correlate animal experiments with clinical experience, CD-1 mice were treated weekly for eight weeks with 4 mg/kg doxorubicin or 2.7 mg/kg 4'-deoxy-doxorubicin i.v. Periodically the incorporation of 3H-thymidine (3H-dThd) into DNA was measured in the heart, liver, spleen and bone marrow, 24 or 72 hours after the last treatment. The morphology of the(More)
Two new series of combretastatin (CA-4) analogues have been prepared. The alkenyl motif of CA-4 was replaced either by a five-membered heterocyclic (isoxazoline or isoxazole) or by a six-membered ring (pyridine or benzene). The new compounds have been evaluated for their effects on tubulin assembly and for cytotoxic and apoptotic activities. Five compounds(More)