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In the large group of genetically undetermined infantile-onset mitochondrial encephalopathies, multiple defects of mitochondrial DNA-related respiratory-chain complexes constitute a frequent biochemical signature. In order to identify responsible genes, we used exome-next-generation sequencing in a selected cohort of patients with this biochemical(More)
BACKGROUND Medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MCADD) is the most common inherited defect in the mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation pathway, resulting in significant morbidity and mortality in undiagnosed patients.Newborn screening (NBS) has considerably improved MCADD outcome, but the risk of complication remains in some patients. The aim of(More)
Exchange of hepatic glucose-6-phosphate (G6P) and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate via transaldolase modifies hepatic G6P enrichment from glucose or gluconeogenic tracers. Transaldolase exchange was quantified in five healthy, fed subjects following an oral bolus of [1,2,3-(13)C(3)]glycerol (25-30 mg/kg) and paracetamol (10-12 mg/kg). (13)C Isotopomers of hepatic(More)
We present the first two reported unrelated patients with an isolated sedoheptulokinase (SHPK) deficiency. The first patient presented with neonatal cholestasis, hypoglycemia, and anemia, while the second patient presented with congenital arthrogryposis multiplex, multiple contractures, and dysmorphisms. Both patients had elevated excretion of erythritol(More)
Succinyl-coenzyme A synthase is a mitochondrial matrix enzyme that catalyzes the reversible synthesis of succinate and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) from succinyl-coenzyme A and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) in the tricarboxylic acid cycle. This enzyme is made up of α and β subunits encoded by SUCLG1 and SUCLA2, respectively. We present a child with severe(More)
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