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Rho proteins are a branch of GTPases that belongs to the Ras superfamily which are critical elements of signal transduction pathways leading to a variety of cellular responses. This family of small GTPases has been involved in diverse biological functions such as cytoskeleton organization, cell growth and transformation, cell motility, migration,(More)
Rho proteins have been implicated in the regulation of multiple signal transduction processes. Some of the members of this family, including the rho gene from Aplysia californica and the human genes (rhoA, rhoB and rac-1), are proto-oncogenes since when properly mutated they can induce cell transformation, and the generated rho-transformed cells are(More)
Lipid-derived metabolites play an important role in the regulation of cell responses to external stimuli, including cell growth control, transformation and apoptosis. Phospholipase D (PLD) is one of the critical elements in the regulation of lipid metabolism and the generation of second messengers, some of them involved in cell growth control. Oncogenic Ras(More)
Akt, a proto-oncogene that encodes a cytosolic serine/threonine kinase, can phosphorylate and modulate the activity of several proteins involved in cellular metabolism and survival. Recently, two mammalian highly related forkhead transcription factors FKHRL1 and AFX and their nematode homologue Daf-16 have been found to be targets of this kinase. Here we(More)
Targeting the hypoxia response pathway and angiogenesis are two promising therapeutic strategies for cancer treatment. Their use as single strategies has important limitations. Thus, development of combined regimens has become an important step toward improving therapeutic efficacy. Also, non-invasive monitoring of the response to targeted biological(More)
The hypoxic areas of solid cancers represent a negative prognostic factor irrespective of which treatment modality is chosen for the patient. Still, after almost 80 years of focus on the problems created by hypoxia in solid tumours, we still largely lack methods to deal efficiently with these treatment-resistant cells. The consequences of this lack may be(More)
The ability of tumoral cells to invade surrounding tissues is a prerequisite for metastasis. This is the most life-threatening event of tumor progression, and so research is intensely focused on elucidating the mechanisms responsible for invasion and metastasis. The Ras superfamily of GTPases comprises several subfamilies of small GTP-binding proteins whose(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) mediate the transcriptional adaptation of hypoxic cells. The extensive transcriptional programm regulated by HIFs involves the induction of genes controlling angiogenesis, cellular metabolism, cell growth, metastasis, apoptosis, extracellular matrix remodeling and others. HIF is a heterodimer of HIF-α and HIF-β subunits. In(More)
Cells adapt to environmental changes, including fluctuations in oxygen levels, through the induction of specific gene expression programs. To identify genes regulated by hypoxia at the transcriptional level, we pulse-labeled HUVEC cells with 4-thiouridine and sequenced nascent transcripts. Then, we searched genome-wide binding profiles from the ENCODE(More)
cell metabolism. Cells respond to decreased oxygen tension by inducing adaptive responses aimed at restoring oxygen availability and maintaining energy balance. Most responses to hypoxia are mediated by the activation of a family of transcription factors termed hypoxia-inducible factors (HIF). HIF have been shown to regulate vascular endothelial growth(More)
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