Luis Vicente López-Llorca

Learn More
AIMS To investigate the toxic effect of chitosan on important root pathogenic and biocontrol fungi (nematophagous, entomopathogenic and mycoparasitic). METHODS AND RESULTS We have used standard bioassays to investigate the effect of chitosan on colony growth and developed bioassays to test spore germination. The results showed that the root pathogenic and(More)
Culture filtrates of the nematophagous fungi Verticillium chlamydosporium and V. suchlasporium growing on colloidal chitin showed increasing chitinolytic activity and production of two (32- and 43-kDa) main proteins. Maximum activity was found 18-20 days after inoculation, but V. suchlasporium always displayed higher activity. Zymography of such filtrates(More)
The antifungal mode of action of chitosan has been studied for the last 30 years, but is still little understood. We have found that the plasma membrane forms a barrier to chitosan in chitosan-resistant but not chitosan-sensitive fungi. The plasma membranes of chitosan-sensitive fungi were shown to have more polyunsaturated fatty acids than(More)
*New tools were developed for the study of the endophytic development of the fungal species Fusarium equiseti and Pochonia chlamydosporia in barley (Hordeum vulgare) roots. These were applied to monitor the host colonization patterns of these potential candidates for biocontrol of root pathogens. * Molecular beacons specific for either F. equiseti or P.(More)
Pochonia chlamydosporia (Pc123) is a fungal parasite of nematode eggs which can colonize endophytically barley and tomato roots. In this paper we use culturing as well as quantitative PCR (qPCR) methods and a stable GFP transformant (Pc123gfp) to analyze the endophytic behavior of the fungus in tomato roots. We found no differences between virulence/root(More)
Chitosan has been reported to inhibit spore germination and mycelial growth in plant pathogens, but its mode of antifungal action is poorly understood. Following chitosan treatment, we characterized plasma membrane permeabilization, and cell death and lysis in the experimental model, Neurospora crassa. Rhodamine-labeled chitosan was used to show that(More)
Barley roots were readily colonised by the nematophagous fungus Verticillium chlamydosporium. Light microscopy (LM) but also low temperature scanning electron microscopy (LTSEM) revealed details of the colonisation process. Hyphae were found on the rhizoplane often with dictyochlamydospores. Hyphae of V. chlamydosporium penetrated epidermal cells, often by(More)
Surveys (in 2002 and 2003) were performed for fungal endophytes in roots of 24 plant species growing at 12 sites (coastal and inland soils, both sandy soils and salt marshes) under either water or salt stress in the Alicante province (Southeast Spain). All plant species examined were colonized by endophytic fungi. A total of 1830 fungal isolates were(More)
Light and scanning electron microscopy together with fungal isolation techniques were used to detect entomopathogenic fungi within young and adult date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) petioles and to assess fungal survival in leaf tissues. The entomopathogenic fungi Beauveria bassiana, Lecanicillium dimorphum and Lecanicillium c.f. psalliotae survived inside(More)
Nematophagous fungi Pochonia chlamydosporia and P. rubescens colonize endophytically barley roots. During nematode infection, serine proteases are secreted. We have investigated whether such proteases are also produced during root colonization. Polyclonal antibodies against serine protease P32 of P. rubescens cross-reacted with a related protease (VCP1) of(More)