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Estimation of non-additive genetic effects in animal breeding is important because it increases the accuracy of breeding value prediction and the value of mate allocation procedures. With the advent of genomic selection these ideas should be revisited. The objective of this study was to quantify the efficiency of including dominance effects and practising(More)
Variance components were estimated for litter size in Rasa Aragonesa sheep, a meat breed from northern Spain, to determine whether selective breeding for litter size is a reasonable strategy to improve reproductive performance. We assumed an animal mixed effect threshold model with a binary response variable. Marginal estimates of the genetic parameters(More)
Genomic evaluation models can fit additive and dominant SNP effects. Under quantitative genetics theory, additive or "breeding" values of individuals are generated by substitution effects, which involve both "biological" additive and dominant effects of the markers. Dominance deviations include only a portion of the biological dominant effects of the(More)
A total of 66,620 records from the first six parities for number of piglets born alive (NBA) from 20,120 Landrace sows and 24,426 records for weight (WT) and backfat thickness (BT) at 175 d of age were analyzed to estimate genetic parameters. The pedigree consisted of 47,186 individuals, including 392 sires and 5,394 dams. Estimates were based on marginal(More)
Estimates of dominance variance in dairy cattle based on pedigree data vary considerably across traits and amount to up to 50% of the total genetic variance for conformation traits and up to 43% for milk production traits. Using bovine SNP (single nucleotide polymorphism) genotypes, dominance variance can be estimated both at the marker level and at the(More)
Gompertz growth curves were fitted to the data of 137 rabbits from control (C) and selected (S) lines. The animals came from a synthetic rabbit line selected for an increased growth rate. The embryos from generations 3 and 4 were frozen and thawed to be contemporary of rabbits born in generation 10. Group C was the offspring of generations 3 and 4, and(More)
Transmission ratio distortion (TRD) is the departure from the expected genotypic frequencies under Mendelian inheritance. This departure can be due to multiple physiological mechanisms during gametogenesis, fertilization, fetal and embryonic development, and early neonatal life. Although a few TRD loci have been reported in mouse, inheritance patterns have(More)
This work aims to compare different nonlinear functions for describing the growth curves of Nelore females. The growth curve parameters, their (co)variance components, and environmental and genetic effects were estimated jointly through a Bayesian hierarchical model. In the first stage of the hierarchy, 4 nonlinear functions were compared: Brody, Von(More)
Current selection schemes for livestock improvement use a wide variety of phenotypic traits. Some of them, such as sensory, type, or carcass traits, obtain their records from subjective grading performed by trained technicians. Data from this subjective evaluation usually involve classification under a categorical and arbitrary predefined scale, whose(More)
A simulation study was conducted to study frequentist properties of three estimators of the variance component in a mixed effect binary threshold model. The three estimators were: the mode of a normal approximation to the marginal posterior distribution of the component, which is denoted in the literature as marginal maximum likelihood (MML); the mean of(More)