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Estimation of non-additive genetic effects in animal breeding is important because it increases the accuracy of breeding value prediction and the value of mate allocation procedures. With the advent of genomic selection these ideas should be revisited. The objective of this study was to quantify the efficiency of including dominance effects and practising(More)
A total of 66,620 records from the first six parities for number of piglets born alive (NBA) from 20,120 Landrace sows and 24,426 records for weight (WT) and backfat thickness (BT) at 175 d of age were analyzed to estimate genetic parameters. The pedigree consisted of 47,186 individuals, including 392 sires and 5,394 dams. Estimates were based on marginal(More)
Variance components were estimated for litter size in Rasa Aragonesa sheep, a meat breed from northern Spain, to determine whether selective breeding for litter size is a reasonable strategy to improve reproductive performance. We assumed an animal mixed effect threshold model with a binary response variable. Marginal estimates of the genetic parameters(More)
Genomic evaluation models can fit additive and dominant SNP effects. Under quantitative genetics theory, additive or "breeding" values of individuals are generated by substitution effects, which involve both "biological" additive and dominant effects of the markers. Dominance deviations include only a portion of the biological dominant effects of the(More)
We develop a mixed-model approach for QTL analysis in crosses between outbred lines that allows for QTL segregation within lines as well as for differences in mean QTL effects between lines. We also propose a method called "segment mapping" that is based in partitioning the genome in a series of segments. The expected change in mean according to percentage(More)
A simulation study was conducted to study frequentist properties of three estimators of the variance component in a mixed effect binary threshold model. The three estimators were: the mode of a normal approximation to the marginal posterior distribution of the component, which is denoted in the literature as marginal maximum likelihood (MML); the mean of(More)
A fundamental issue in quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping is to determine the plausibility of the presence of a QTL at a given genome location. Bayesian analysis offers an attractive way of testing alternative models (here, QTL vs. no-QTL) via the Bayes factor. There have been several numerical approaches to computing the Bayes factor, mostly based on(More)
A procedure to take into account the nongenetic relationship between maternal effects in adjacent generations is presented. It considers a correlation between maternal environments provided by a dam and its daughters (lambda). The dispersion structure of the maternal animal model was modified to include a correlation matrix (E) that relates the maternal(More)
Gompertz growth curves were fitted to the data of 137 rabbits from control (C) and selected (S) lines. The animals came from a synthetic rabbit line selected for an increased growth rate. The embryos from generations 3 and 4 were frozen and thawed to be contemporary of rabbits born in generation 10. Group C was the offspring of generations 3 and 4, and(More)
Estimates of dominance variance in dairy cattle based on pedigree data vary considerably across traits and amount to up to 50% of the total genetic variance for conformation traits and up to 43% for milk production traits. Using bovine SNP (single nucleotide polymorphism) genotypes, dominance variance can be estimated both at the marker level and at the(More)