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This paper describes the robust reading competitions for ICDAR 2003. With the rapid growth in research over the last few years on recognizing text in natural scenes, there is an urgent need to establish some common benchmark datasets, and gain a clear understanding of the current state of the art. We use the term robust reading to refer to text images that(More)
This paper describes the robust reading competitions for ICDAR 2003. With the rapid growth in research over the last few years on recognizing text in natural scenes, there is an urgent need to establish some common benchmark datasets, and 1 gain a clear understanding of the current state of the art. We use the term robust reading to refer to text images(More)
To examine the effects of corruption on foreign direct investment, we develop a cooperative Nash bargaining game to model the negotiation process between firms and corrupt officials. We first analyze a firm's decision to bribe corrupt officials either to pay smaller settlement fixed costs than legally prescribed ones or to benefit from illegal preferential(More)
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