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The pharmacological actions of the compound N-(2-chloroethyl)-N-ethyl-2-bromobenzylamine hydrochloride (DSP-4) are compatible with a specific neurotoxic effect on both peripheral and central noradrenergic neurons. The systemic injection of DSP-4 to adult rats transiently alters sympathetic neurons in the periphery but in the central nervous system the(More)
Oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis of many neurodegenerative and neurological disorders, with reactive oxygen species (ROS) as part of the intracellular effectors of damage formed in the presence of an excess of iron. Ionizing radiation induces tissue damage on developing CNS through different simultaneous mechanisms, including(More)
The issue of psychotic disorders in epilepsy has given rise to great controversy among professionals; however, there are not many studies in this area and the physiopathological mechanisms remain unknown. The aim of this study was to describe the spectrum of psychotic disorders in an Argentine population with refractory temporal lobe epilepsy (RTLE) and to(More)
The aim of our work was to evaluate the effect of a chronic (22 days) administration of corticosterone, which induces supraphysiological serum levels of the hormone, on an inhibitory avoidance learning in rats (one-trial step-through learning task, footshock: 0.5 mA, 2 s). We also studied hippocampal markers of neuroanatomical CA3 pyramidal neuron atrophy(More)
Acute and long-term complications can occur in patients receiving radiation therapy. It has been suggested that cytoprotection might decrease the incidence and severity of therapy-related toxicity in these patients. Developing cerebellum is highly radiosensitive and for that reason it is a useful structure to test potential neuroprotective substances to(More)
In this study, we show that one single dose of gamma-irradiation at birth induces an inhibition of the cerebellar calcium dependent nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity, probably correlated to the motor abnormalities and the disarrangement in the cerebellar cytoarchitecture observed in adult rats. This decrease in calcium dependent NOS activity could be(More)
Developing central nervous system (CNS) is highly sensitive to ionizing radiation due, in part, to reactive oxygen species (ROS) damage. A variety of compounds able to protect brain cells essentially by decreasing ROS production have been widely used to confirm ROS participation in different mechanisms of brain injury, as well as to evaluate them as(More)
The humoral response and the role of catecholamines and corticosterone were analyzed in a chronic mild stress (CMS) model of depression. Mice subjected for more than 6 weeks to CMS showed a significant decrease in T-cell dependent antibody production. However, T-cell independent humoral response was not altered. Serum corticosterone levels and splenic(More)
The effects of neonatal X-irradiation on cerebellar cathecholamine levels in rats were studied at different postnatal intervals. Since synaptogenesis in the cerebellar cortex is basically a postnatal phenomenon, changes in noradrenaline (NA) and dopamine (DA) levels induced by X-rays on the cerebella (CE) of adult rats (60 days old) were also studied. With(More)