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Electroencephalogram (EEG) from dorsal cortex of lizard Gallotia galloti was analyzed at different temperatures to test the presence of fractal or nonlinear structure during open (OE) and closed eyes (CE), with the aim of comparing these results with those reported for human slow-wave sleep (SWS). Two nonlinear parameters characterizing EEG complexity(More)
Thus far, most hypotheses on the evolutionary origin of sleep only addressed the probable origin of its main states, REM and NREM. Our article presents the origin of the whole continuum of mammalian vigilance states including waking, sleep and hibernation and the causes of the alternation NREM-REM in a sleeping episode. We propose: (1) the active state of(More)
OBJECTIVE To study how functional connectivity of neonate EEG during sleep is assessed by different interdependence indices and to analyze its dependence on conceptional (CA), gestational (GA) and/or chronological age (CRA). METHODS EEG data from eight cortical regions were recorded during active (AS) and quiet sleep (QS) in three groups of seven neonates(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the performance of univariate and multivariate EEG measurements in diagnosing ADHD subjects in a broad age range. METHODS EEG from eight cortical regions were recorded at rest during eyes open and eyes closed in 22 male ADHD subjects of combined type and 21 healthy male controls (age range 4-15 years). Univariate and(More)
Signal spectral analysis procedures were used to compute the power spectrum of Gallotia galloti lizards EEG at different (5-35 degrees C) body temperatures. EEG power spectra were mainly characterized by a low frequency peak between 0.5 and 4 Hz which was present at the different body temperatures. A second spectral peak, corresponding to spindles of(More)
The multichannel electroencephalograph (EEG) of six healthy term neonates was recorded during awake as well as during active and quiet sleep. The existence and nature of the interdependencies among the different brain areas were studied by means of a multivariate variant of the surrogate data method. Such interdependencies were then quantified by using the(More)
This work aims at assessing the maturational changes in the interdependence between the activities of different cortical areas in neonates during active sleep (AS) and quiet sleep (QS). Eight electroencephalography (EEG) channels were recorded in 3 groups of neonates of increasing postmenstrual age. The average linear (AVL) and average nonlinear (AVN)(More)
Multivariate nonlinear analysis methods were applied to variability time series extracted from electrocardiographic, electrocorticographic and respiratory activities of Gallotia galloti lizards, to study interdependences between cardio-cortical activity time variations, and between cardio-respiratory activity time variations. Autonomic nervous system(More)
ECG and EEG signals were simultaneously recorded in lizards, Gallotia galloti, both in control conditions and under autonomic nervous system (ANS) blockade, in order to evaluate possible relationships between the ANS control of heart rate and the integrated central nervous system activity in reptiles. The ANS blockers used were prazosin, propranolol, and(More)
Both nonlinear and fractal properties of beat-to-beat R-R interval variability signal (RRV) of freely moving lizards (Gallotia galloti) were studied in baseline and under autonomic nervous system blockade. Nonlinear techniques allowed us to study the complexity, chaotic behavior, nonlinearity, stationarity, and regularity over time of RRV. Scaling behavior(More)