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We determine the range of thicknesses and refractive indices for which omnidirectional reflection from quasiperiodic dielectric multilayers occurs. By resorting to the notion of area under the transmittance curve, we assess in a systematic way the performance of the different Fibonacci multilayers.
We perform a reconstruction of the polarization sector of the density matrix of an intense polarization squeezed beam starting from a complete set of Stokes measurements. By using an appropriate quasidistribution, we map this onto the Poincaré space, providing a full quantum mechanical characterization of the measured polarization state.
We reelaborate on the basic properties of lossless multilayers. We show that the transfer matrices for these multilayers have essentially the same algebraic properties as the Lorentz group SO(2, 1) in a (2 + 1)-dimensional space-time as well as the group SL(2, R) underlying the structure of the ABCD law in geometrical optics. By resorting to the Iwasawa… (More)
We demonstrate a systematic approach to Heisenberg-limited lithographic image formation using four-mode reciprocal binomial states. By controlling the exposure pattern with a simple bank of birefringent plates, any pixel pattern on a (N+1) x (N+1) grid, occupying a square with the side half a wavelength long, can be generated from a 2N-photon state.
We propose an operational degree of polarization in terms of the variance of the Stokes vector minimized over all the directions of the Poincaré sphere. We examine the properties of this second-order definition and carry out its experimental determination. Quantum states with the same standard (first-order) degree of polarization are correctly discriminated… (More)
Light is a major carrier of information about the world around us, from the microcosmos to the macrocosmos. The present methods of detection are sensitive both to robust features, such as intensity, or polarization, and to more subtle effects, such as correlations. Here we show how wave front detection, which allows for registering the direction of the… (More)
We establish the conditions to attain the ultimate resolution predicted by quantum estimation theory for the case of two incoherent point sources using a linear imaging system. The solution is closely related to the spatial symmetries of the detection scheme. In particular, for real symmetric point spread functions, any complete set of projections with… (More)
We suggest a geometrical framework in which to discuss periodic layered structures in the unit disk. Bandgaps appear when the point representing the system approaches the unit circle. We show that the trace of the matrix describing the basic period allows for a classification in three families of orbits with quite different properties. The laws of… (More)
We use the concept of turns to provide a geometrical representation of the action of any lossless multilayer, which can be considered to be analogous in the unit disk to sliding vectors in Euclidean geometry. This construction clearly shows the peculiar effects arising in the composition of multilayers. A simple optical experiment revealing the appearance… (More)