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The main functions of spermatozoa required for fertilization are dependent on the energy status and metabolism. AMP-activated kinase, AMPK, acts a sensor and regulator of cell metabolism. As AMPK studies have been focused on somatic cells, our aim was to investigate the expression of AMPK protein in spermatozoa and its possible role in regulating motility.(More)
The accuracy of computer-assisted sperm morphometry analysis (CASMA) depends on the careful preparation, fixation and staining of spermatozoa. The efficiency of CASMA may be enhanced by developing optimized protocols. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of sperm washing and the use of three staining techniques [rapid Panoptic,(More)
Both the study and the relationship between sperm design and sperm function have been a target of several researchers. In our study we have evaluated the relationship between the morphometry of sperm head and midpiece as well as the relationship between morphometry of these two spermatic components and sperm motion characteristics in the boar. Analysis of(More)
We previously showed that lovastatin, an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, suppresses cell growth by inducing apoptosis in rat brain neuroblasts. Our aim was to study intracellular signalling induced by lovastatin in neuroblasts. Lovastatin significantly decreases the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3-K) activity in a concentration-dependent manner. Expression of(More)
Cholecystokinin (CCK) is one of the most abundant neuropeptides in the central nervous system (CNS) where it promotes important functions by activation of receptors CCK1 and CCK2. Our aim was to investigate CCK receptors expression and their downstream intracellular signaling in immortalized rat brain neuroblasts. Results show that CCK1 and CCK2 receptor(More)
High levels of endogenous cholecystokinin (CCK) are present in the rat retina and restricted to amacrine cells. Two types of CCK receptors exist but their expression and intracellular transduction pathways coupled in the rat retina are unknown. The aims of this study were to investigate CCK receptors expression in rat retina and to study downstream tyrosine(More)
Mevalonate biosynthesis pathway is important in cell growth and survival and its blockade by 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA reductase inhibitors, statins, arrest brain neuroblasts growth and induce apoptosis. Translation is among the main biochemical mechanisms that controls gene expression and therefore cell growth or apoptosis. In the CNS, translation(More)
In this study a Bayesian network (BN) has been built for the study of the objective motility of Tinca tinca spermatozoa (spz). Semen from eight 2-year-old sexually mature male tenchs was obtained and motility analyses were performed at 6-17, 23-34 and 40-51 s after activation, using computer-assisted sperm analysis (CASA) software. Motility parameters(More)
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