Learn More
Acinar cells require a functional apical actin web for secretion. During stimulation with supraphysiological concentrations of cholecystokinin (CCK), a condition that mimics acute pancreatitis, the actin filaments disintegrate. This leads to retention of secretory enzymes and, together with their premature activation, results in cell injury. Actin filaments(More)
Src family kinases (SFK) play a central signaling role for growth factors, cytokines, G-protein-coupled receptors and other stimuli. SFKs play important roles in pancreatic acinar cell secretion, endocytosis, growth, cytoskeletal integrity and apoptosis, although little is known of the specific SFKs involved. In this study we demonstrate the SFK, Lyn, is(More)
The main functions of spermatozoa required for fertilization are dependent on the energy status and metabolism. AMP-activated kinase, AMPK, acts a sensor and regulator of cell metabolism. As AMPK studies have been focused on somatic cells, our aim was to investigate the expression of AMPK protein in spermatozoa and its possible role in regulating motility.(More)
Spermatozoa undergo energy- and metabolism-dependent processes to successfully fertilize the oocyte. AMP-activated protein kinase, AMPK, is a sensor of cell energy. We recently showed that AMPK controls spermatozoa motility. Our aims are i) to investigate the intracellular localization of AMPK in boar spermatozoa by immunofluorescence, ii) to study whether(More)
We have shown previously that lovastatin, a 3-hydroxy-3-methyl- glutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor, induces apoptosis in spontaneously immortalized rat brain neuroblasts. In the present study, we analysed the intracellular signal transduction pathways by which lovastatin induces neuroblast apoptosis. We showed that lovastatin efficiently inhibited Ras(More)
The effects of neurotensin on focal adhesion kinase were investigated using lung cancer cells. Neurotensin bound with high affinity to large cell carcinoma cell line NCI-H1299 as did neurotensin-(8-13), but not neurotensin-(1-7) or levocabastine. Addition of 100 nM neurotensin to NCI-H1299 cells caused transient tyrosine phosphorylation of focal adhesion(More)
The intracellular movement of calcium, through calcium channels, plays a major role on sperm cell function. The calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR), a molecular mechanism by which many cells detect changes in extracellular calcium concentration, has not been described in spermatozoa. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of the CaSR in(More)
Protein kinase C-delta (PKC-delta) becomes activated in pancreatic acini in response to cholecystokinin (CCK) and plays a pivotal role in the exocrine pancreatic secretion. Rottlerin, a polyphenolic compound, has been widely used as a potent and specific PKC-delta inhibitor. However, some recent studies showed that rottlerin was not effective in inhibiting(More)
During the capacitation process, spermatozoa acquire the ability to fertilize an oocyte, and upregulation of cAMP-dependent protein tyrosine phosphorylation occurs. Recently, Src family tyrosine kinase (SFK) has been involved in spermatozoa capacitation as a key PKA-dependent tyrosine kinase in several species. This work investigates the expression and role(More)
The accuracy of computer-assisted sperm morphometry analysis (CASMA) depends on the careful preparation, fixation and staining of spermatozoa. The efficiency of CASMA may be enhanced by developing optimized protocols. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of sperm washing and the use of three staining techniques [rapid Panoptic,(More)