Learn More
In order to assess the clinical characteristics and survival rate of pulmonary hemorrhage (PH) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), we studied SLE patients who developed this complication. We found 34 patients within a total lupus cohort of 630 patients. All the patients had severe respiratory failure. We identified three different treatment regimens: (a)(More)
Prolactin (PRL) is a versatile hormone that is produced by the anterior pituitary gland and various extrapituitary sites including immune cells. Furthermore, PRL has widespread influences on proliferation and differentiation of a variety of cells in the immune system and is, in effect, a cytokine. PRL-receptors (PRL-R) are distributed throughout the immune(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the prevalence and clinical significance of carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) in patients with primary antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). METHODS 28 patients with primary APS with at least a five year follow up, and 28 healthy subjects, matched by age and sex, were included in the study. Colour Doppler with high resolution(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of bromocriptine (BRC) as an adjunct to conventional treatment in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). A prospective, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study compared BRC at a fixed daily dosage of 2.5 mg with placebo. Patients were followed for 2-17 months (mean 12.5 months).(More)
Cells of the immune system synthesize prolactin and express mRNA and receptors for that hormone. Interleukin 1, interleukin 6, gamma interferon, tumor necrosis factor, platelet activator factor, and substance P participate in the release of prolactin. This hormone is involved in the pathogenesis of adjuvant arthritis and restores immunocompetence in(More)
INTRODUCTION Autoantibodies and clinical manifestations in polymyositis/dermatomyositis (PM/DM) are affected by both genetic and environmental factors. The high prevalence of DM and anti-Mi-2 in Central America is thought to be associated with the high UV index of the area. The prevalences of autoantibodies and the clinical manifestations of PM/DM were(More)
Atherosclerosis (AT) is a metabolic, systemic inflammatory/immune disease characterized by lipoproteins metabolism alteration that leads to immune/inflammatory system activation with the consequent proliferation of smooth-muscle cells, narrowing arteries and atheroma formation. Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized(More)
A therosclerosis is a multifactorial process that commences in childhood but manifests clinically later in life. Atherosclerosis is increasingly considered an immune system–mediated process of the vascular system. The presence of macrophages and activated lymphocytes within ath-erosclerotic plaques supports the concept of atherosclerosis as an immune(More)
BACKGROUND Severe neurological involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus (NPSLE) is one of the most dreadful complications of the disease. OBJECTIVE To identify the best drug, dose, and treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS The study was a controlled clinical trial at two tertiary care centres of patients with SLE according to the ACR criteria, with(More)
Previous reports suggest that renal involvement before pregnancy or active renal disease during pregnancy may be associated with poor fetal and maternal outcomes in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) women. We report our experience of fetal and maternal complications in pregnant lupus women with and without previous lupus nephritis. We analyzed the clinical(More)