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Six derivatives with increased resistance to ox gall (MIC: > or = 1% w/v) and one derivative resistant to sodium cholate (MIC: 0.8% w/v) were obtained from more sensitive original Bifidobacterium strains. These microorganisms, and two additional cholate resistant derivatives obtained in a previous study (Int. J. Food Microbiol. 82 (2003) 191), were(More)
The hydrophobicity and capacity to adhere to human intestinal mucus of Bifidobacterium strains with acquired resistance to bile were assessed and compared with those of their more sensitive original strains. The resistant variants used were previously obtained [Int. J. Food Microbiol. 82 (2003) 191; Int. J. Food Microbiol. 94 (2004) 79] by progressive(More)
Two Bifidobacterium strains with acquired resistance to bile were used in this study. Significant differences on membrane-associated protein profiles were found between the bile resistant derivatives and their corresponding original strains. One of the major species detected in one of the resistant derivatives had an apparent denatured molecular mass of(More)
Bifidobacterium longum can be isolated from human faeces, some strains being considered probiotics. B. longum NIZO B667 produces an exo-acting alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase, AbfB, previously purified by us, that releases L-arabinose from arabinan and arabinoxylan. This activity was subjected to two-seven-fold induction by L-arabinose, D-xylose, L-arabitol and(More)
We ask the question whether neutrino physics with momentum space Majorana spinors, the eigenvectors of the particle–antiparticle conjugation operator, C = iγ 2 K (with K standing for complex conjugation), is different but physics with Dirac spinors. First we analyze properties of Majorana spinors in great detail. We show that four dimensional, (4d),(More)
The aim of this study was to review the experience and outcomes of assisted reproduction cycles with embryos grown up to day 5 of development, comparing different parameters according to the ages of the patients. We retrospectively studied 1,874 assisted reproduction cycles where embryo culture was extended up to the fifth or sixth day of development. All(More)
The effect of acquired resistance to bile on the antimicrobial sensitivity of two Bifidobacterium strains (Bifidobacterium animalis IPLA4549 and Bifidobacterium longum NIZO B667) was studied. The MICs of 23 different antibiotics belonging to the most clinically important groups were determined by using the Etest method, which comprises nonporous plastic(More)
The determinations of the amino acid pools, including tryptophan (by fluorescence spectrometry), in the arterial and venous blood of the mother, the arterial and venous blood of the fetus (cord blood), the amniotic fluid and the placenta was done in eight women at the moment of delivery. Only nine amino acids (asp, try, met, phe, ser, cys, lys, gly, thr)(More)
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