Luis Gilbert Valerio

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ABSTRACT Iron is an essential transition metal for mammalian cellular and tissue viability. It is critical to supplying oxygen through heme, the mitochondrial respiratory chain, and enzymes such as ribonucleotide reductase. Mammalian organisms have evolved with the means of regulating the metabolism of iron, because if left unregulated, the resulting excess(More)
Recent exceptional growth in human exposure to natural products known to originate from traditional medicine has lead to a resurgence of scientific interest in their biological effects. As a strategy for improvement of the assessment of their pharmacological and toxicological profile, scientific evidence-based approaches are being employed to appropriately(More)
The applied use of in silico technologies (a.k.a. computational toxicology, in silico toxicology, computer-assisted tox, e-tox, i-drug discovery, predictive ADME, etc.) for predicting preclinical toxicological endpoints, clinical adverse effects, and metabolism of pharmaceutical substances has become of high interest to the scientific community and the(More)
Consistent with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Critical Path Initiative, predictive toxicology software programs employing quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) models are currently under evaluation for regulatory risk assessment and scientific decision support for highly sensitive endpoints such as carcinogenicity, mutagenicity(More)
The effects of o-alkyl substituents on both the cytochrome P450-catalyzed oxidation of phenols to p-quinone methides (QM's; 4-methylene-2,5-cyclohexadien-1-ones), and on the rates of nucleophilic additions to the 4-methylene carbon of QM's were investigated. The derivatives of 4-methylphenol studied were BHT (2,6-di-tert-butyl), BHTOH(More)
In this study we employed the use of the Meteor computational software program to perform predictions in silico on 17 hepatotoxic drugs for determining human-specific drug metabolites. Congruence of the in silico predictions from a qualitative standpoint of drug metabolite structures was established by comparison to human in vivo drug metabolic profiles(More)
Flavonoids are plant polyphenolic compounds ubiquitous in fruits, vegetables and herbs. The flavonol quercetin is one of the most abundant dietary flavonoids. It has diverse biological properties in cultured cells, including cytoprotection, and exhibits antitumorigenic effects in animal models. The mechanism(s) for the protective properties of flavonoids(More)
IMPORTANCE OF THE FIELD Evaluation of pharmaceutical-related toxicities using quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) software as decision support tools is becoming practical and is of keen interest to scientists in both product safety and discovery. QSARs can be used to predict preclinical and clinical endpoints, drug metabolism,(More)
This Department of Defense-sponsored evidence-based review evaluates the safety and putative outcomes of enhancement of athletic performance or improved recovery from exhaustion in studies involving beta-alanine alone or in combination with other ingredients. Beta-alanine intervention studies and review articles were collected from 13 databases, and safety(More)
An interagency collaboration was established to model chemical interactions that may cause adverse health effects when an exposure to a mixture of chemicals occurs. Many of these chemicals--drugs, pesticides, and environmental pollutants--interact at the level of metabolic biotransformations mediated by cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes. In the present work,(More)