Luis Gerardo de la Fraga

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In the process of three-dimensional reconstruction of single particle biological macromolecules several hundreds, or thousands, of projection images are taken from tens or hundreds of independently digitized micrographs. These different micrographs show differences in the background grey level and particle contrast and, therefore, have to be normalized by(More)
The triangulation is a process by which the 3D point position can be calculated from two images where that point is visible. This process requires the intersection of two known lines in the space. However, in the presence of noise this intersection does not occur, then it is necessary to estimate the best approximation. One option towards achieving this(More)
A binary genetic encoding (BGE) representation for the automatic synthesis of mixed-mode circuit topologies, is introduced. First, the genetic encoding of unity-gain cells (UGCs), such as voltage (VF) and current followers (CF), and voltage (VM) and current mirrors (CM), is presented. New BGEs for the VM and CM are introduced. Second, the UGC's chromosomes(More)
In this article we propose a new method to calibrate directly the camera by which it was taken an image of a cuboid, and to find at the same time the orientation and side lengths of the cuboid. This is a highly non-linear optimization problem that is solved directly using a heuristic called differential evolution. We show in this paper that this problem is(More)
The feasible solutions provided by a multi-objective evolutionary algorithm (MOEA) in the optimal sizing of analog integrated circuits (ICs) can be very sensitive to process variations. Therefore, to select the optimal sizes of metal–oxide–semiconductor field-effect-transistors (MOSFETs) but with low sensitivities, we propose to perform multi-parameter(More)