Luis Francisco García Fernández

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BACKGROUND Injuries from encounters with large animals represent a significant health risk for rural communities. We evaluated our regional trauma centers' experience with large-animal injuries to determine whether certain mechanisms and patterns of injury predicted either major head/craniofacial or torso (chest/abdomen/pelvis) trauma. METHODS The(More)
BACKGROUND Bedside percutaneous dilational tracheostomy, a relatively new method of tracheal cannulation, provides safe and ready access to the trachea to relieve airway obstruction and tracheopulmonary secretions. The dilational technique has undergone various modifications during the past decade. Complications of this procedure are primarily related to(More)
Several temporary abdominal wall closure techniques have been described in the literature. We present our experience with an inexpensive and efficient method of temporary abdominal closure when bowel edema and distension preclude safe primary closure. Our technique is a variation of the silon (silo) closure used in the repair of gastroschisis and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence of tracheal stenosis, voice and breathing changes, and stomal complications after percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT). METHODS From December 1992 through June 1999, 420 critically ill patients underwent 422 PDTs. There were 340 (81%) long-term survivors, 100 (29%) of whom were interviewed and offered further(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine rates of catheter colonization and catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) when antiseptic-bonded central venous catheters (CVCs) and standardized daily site care are used with no predetermined interval for removal. DESIGN Prospective observational study. SETTING Two major trauma centers. PATIENTS All trauma patients(More)
We conducted a retrospective review to determine the early effects of implementing the American College of Surgeons (ACS) level II criteria on the number of transferrals and survival rates of trauma patients in a rurally based hospital. Data were collected from time period "B" (13 months before) and time period "A" (14 months after) implementing ACS(More)
A 38-year-old, morbidly obese woman underwent surgery for debridement of necrotizing fasciitis of the abdominal wall. A pulmonary artery catheter was placed because of increasing fluid requirements. Despite multiple debridements and fluid resuscitation, the patient exhibited severe systemic inflammatory response. It was discovered that fluid placed in the(More)
XPG (Xeroderma pigmentosum group G complementing factor) is a protein associated with DNA repair and transcription. Point mutations in ERCC5, the gene coding for XPG, cause the cancer-prone disorder xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) while truncation mutations give rise to individuals with the combined clinical features of XP and Cockayne syndrome. Polymorphisms of(More)
Penetrating thoracic injury from BB shot remains an innocuous event in most patients, but factors including location, proximity, gun type, and patient weight may identify groups at risk. The following cases demonstrate morbidity and mortality in two patients, and this experience may suggest the need for reassessment of this injury.