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A protein, extracted from Katahdin potato (Solanum tuberosum L. cv ;Katahdin') tubers and purified by ion exchange chromatography and gel filtration, agglutinates avirulent strains of the bacterial wilt pathogen, Pseudomonas solanacearum, but only weakly agglutinates virulent strains. The agglutinin has very low hemagglutinating activity (in contrast to(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-defective mutants of Pseudomonas solanacearum were used to test the hypothesis that differences in LPS structure are associated with the ability or inability of different strains to induce a hypersensitive response (HR) in tobacco. To obtain these mutants, LPS-specific bacteriophage of P. solanacearum were isolated and used to(More)
A high proportion of the soluble peroxidase of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L. var. Bottom Special) leaves is found in the fluid obtained by centrifugation of a buffer solution previously infiltrated into the intercellular spaces. Only a very small amount of the cytoplasmic enzyme, glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase, is present in this fluid. Specific activity(More)
Infection of host plants by Pseudomonas solanacerum results in wilting, which is thought to be due largely to the occlusion of xylem vessels by the P. solanacearum extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) that primarily consists of N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc). By means of Tn3 mutagenesis, we identified a 6.5-kb gene cluster that contains five complementation(More)
A bacterial agglutinin was extracted from ground corn (WI hybrid 64A x W117) seed with phosphate-buffered saline (pH 6.0) and precipitated with (NH(4))(2)SO(4) at 70% saturation. The activities of this agglutinin against 22 strains of Erwinia stewartii (agent of bacterial wilt of corn) that varied in virulence were determined. Specific agglutination(More)
The effects of differing cytokinin and auxin concentrations on resistance of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) tissue cultures to race 0 of Phytophthora parasitica var. nicotianae were examined. With 1 micromolar kinetin and either 11.5 micromolar indoleacetic acid or 1 micromolar 2,4-dichlorophen-oxyacetic acid, tissues from resistant cultivars exhibited a(More)
In the induction of the hypersensitive response (HR) in tobacco by Pseudomonas solanacearum, the recognition between host and pathogen is thought to involve an interaction between plant lectins and bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The LPS of a series of strains of P. solanacearum were examined to determine if there are structural differences that might(More)
El marchitamiento de la papa causado por cepas de la raza 3 dePseudomonas solanacearum puede ser un problema serio a temperaturas médias relativamente bajas, como las que predominan en las regiones productoras de papa de Colombia y Perú. Como la raza 3 existe en regiones geográficas sumamente diversas, el propósito de este trabajo fué el de determinar si(More)