Luis Felipe Gonzalez

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BACKGROUND In Tanzania, less than a third of HIV infected children estimated to be in need of antiretroviral therapy (ART) are receiving it. In this setting where other infections and malnutrition mimic signs and symptoms of AIDS, early diagnosis of HIV among HIV-exposed infants without specialized virologic testing can be a complex process. We aimed to(More)
BACKGROUND This work evaluates the role of subtype F human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) protease (PR) substitutions L89M and L90M in viral replication and resistance to PR inhibitors (PIs). METHODS Subtype B and F PR genes were subjected to site-directed mutagenesis, to create and reverse the methionine at positions 89 and 90. Viruses were(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 subtype B and C proteases were manipulated to contain 90M, 88D, or 89L, and their in vitro biological properties were studied. We showed that D30N has significantly more impact in subtype C than in subtype B counterparts, accounting for the reported low prevalence of this mutation in patients failing nelfinavir-based(More)
OBJECTIVES Several drug resistance and secondary mutations have been described in HIV-1 viruses from patients undergoing antiretroviral therapy. In this study, we assessed the impact of the protease substitution T74S on the phenotype and on the replicative fitness in HIV-1 subtypes B and C. METHODS HIV-1 molecular clones carrying subtype B or C proteases(More)
The rapid scale-up of HIV care and treatment in resource-limited settings has overwhelmed many public health laboratory services already burdened with human resource shortages, an aging and inadequate infrastructure, and a lack of quality systems. There is, however, a growing appreciation of the opportunity to use HIV-related laboratory strengthening as(More)
There is an increment of complexity in aerospace design due to new technologies. Research in MultiObjective (MO) and Multidisciplinary Design Optimization (MDO) therefore faces the need for developing robust and efficient optimization methods and produce higher quality designs without paying expensive computational cost [1]. The recent optimization problems(More)
The polymerase chain reaction amplification of a fragment of the B1 gene of Toxoplasma gondii coupled to hybridization was performed in 42 patients from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The results showed 50% of positivity in the IgM positive toxoplasmosis group, and 12.5% in the positive IgG and negative IgM individuals. The data presented here revealed a lack of(More)
In order to characterize the impact of genetic polymorphisms on the susceptibility of subtype C strains of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 to protease inhibitors (PIs), a subtype B protease that originated from an infectious clone was modified through site-directed mutagenesis to include the amino acid residue signatures of subtype C viruses (I15V,(More)
In this paper, a hardware-based path planning architecture for unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) adaptation is proposed. The architecture aims to provide UAVs with higher autonomy using an application specific evolutionary algorithm (EA) implemented entirely on a field programmable gate array (FPGA) chip. The physical attributes of an FPGA chip, being compact(More)
OBJECTIVES Non-B human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 subtypes possess several amino acid signatures in the viral protease that distinguish them from subtype B, some of which are reported as secondary drug-related mutations. We have previously shown a strong statistical interdependency of residues 71, 89 and 90 in subtype G, but the impact of substitutions(More)