Luis Felipe Barros

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The molecular identity of K(+) channels involved in Ehrlich cell volume regulation is unknown. A background K(+) conductance is activated by cell swelling and is also modulated by extracellular pH. These characteristics are most similar to those of newly emerging TASK (TWIK-related acid-sensitive K(+) channels)-type of two pore-domain K(+) channels.(More)
High-resolution molecular and imaging techniques are shedding light on the mechanisms and functional significance of the transient rise in tissue lactate that accompanies synaptic activity. Despite high energy needs, neurons have a truncated glycolytic pathway that favors antioxidation over energy production, whereas astrocytes team up with oligodendrocytes(More)
Glutamate stimulates glycolysis in astrocytes, a phenomenon that couples astrocytic metabolism with neuronal activity. However, it is not known whether glutamate also affects glucose transporter-1 (GLUT1), the transporter responsible for glucose entry into astrocytes. To address this question, two different real-time single-cell hexose uptake assays were(More)
While glucose is constantly being "pulled" into the brain by hexokinase, its flux across the blood brain barrier (BBB) is allowed by facilitative carriers of the GLUT family. Starting from the microscopic properties of GLUT carriers, and within the constraints imposed by the available experimental data, chiefly NMR spectroscopy, we have generated a(More)
Whether a lethally injured mammalian cell undergoes necrosis or apoptosis may be determined by the early activation of specific ion channels at the cell surface. Apoptosis requires K+ and Cl- efflux, which leads to cell shrinking, an active phenomenon termed apoptotic volume decrease (AVD). In contrast, necrosis has been shown to require Na+ influx through(More)
In the rat liver epithelial cell line Clone 9, the V(max) for glucose uptake is acutely increased by inhibition of oxidative phosphorylation and by osmotic stress. By using a membrane-impermeant photoaffinity labelling reagent together with an isoform-specific antibody, we have, for the first time, provided direct evidence for the involvement of the GLUT1(More)
OBJECTIVE Ion channels play important roles in epithelial transport, but they are difficult to access for conventional electrophysiologic studies in intact placenta. The purpose of this work was to explore the suitability of purified trophoblast plasma membrane as a source of ion channels for reconstitution in artificial lipid membranes. STUDY DESIGN(More)
Although it is known that brain activity is fueled by glucose, the identity of the cell type that preferentially metabolizes the sugar remains elusive. To address this question, glucose uptake was studied simultaneously in cultured hippocampal neurons and neighboring astrocytes using a real-time assay based on confocal epifluorescence microscopy and(More)
Synaptic activity is followed within seconds by a local surge in lactate concentration, a phenomenon that underlies functional magnetic resonance imaging and whose causal mechanisms are unclear, partly because of the limited spatiotemporal resolution of standard measurement techniques. Using a novel Förster resonance energy transfer-based method that allows(More)
It is currently assumed that two or more pools of the same metabolite can coexist in the cytosolic compartment of mammalian cells. These pools are thought to be generated by the differential subcellular location of enzymes and transporters, much in the way calcium microdomains arise by the combined workings of channels, buffers, and pumps. With the aim of(More)