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Estrogenic effects on visual (object recognition) and place (object placement) memory were investigated. Ovariectomized (OVX) rats received acute sc injections 30 min before a sample trial (viewing objects), and 4 h later a recognition/retention trial was performed. During recognition/retention trials, discrimination between sample (old) and new objects(More)
The hippocampal formation (HF) is involved in modulating learning related to drug abuse. While HF-dependent learning is regulated by both endogenous opioids and estrogen, the interaction between these two systems is not well understood. The mossy fiber (MF) pathway formed by dentate gyrus (DG) granule cell axons is involved in some aspects of learning and(More)
The Balb/c mouse is proposed as a model of human disorders with prominent deficits of sociability, such as autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) that may involve pathophysiological disruption of NMDA receptor-mediated neurotransmission. A standard procedure was used to measure sociability in 8-week-old male genetically inbred Balb/c and outbred Swiss Webster(More)
Effects of estradiol benzoate (EB), ERα-selective agonist, propyl pyrazole triol (PPT) and ERβ-selective agonists, diarylpropionitrile (DPN) and Compound 19 (C-19) on memory were investigated in OVX rats using object recognition (OR) and placement (OP) memory tasks. Treatments were acute (behavior 4h later) or sub chronic (daily injections for 2 days with(More)
The Balb/c mouse is behaviorally hypersensitive to effects of MK-801 (dizocilpine), a noncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonist, and displays impaired sociability. In the current investigation, MK-801-elicited circling behavior in the genetically inbred Balb/c mouse strain that was either not or only minimally observed in similarly treated outbred(More)
The genetically inbred Balb/c mouse strain shows evidence of impaired sociability in a standard paradigm. For example, relative to 8-week-old male outbred Swiss-Webster mice, 8 week-old male Balb/c mice spend less time sniffing and in the vicinity of an enclosed 4 week-old male ICR stimulus mouse and, when allowed to interact freely with the stimulus mouse(More)
Inbred Balb/c mice show deficits of sociability. The endogenous tone of NMDA receptor-mediated neurotransmission is altered in Balb/c mice, which may explain the beneficial effect of D-cycloserine on impaired sociability. In the current study, Balb/c mice spent more time than the Swiss Webster comparator strain in the open arms of an elevated plus maze(More)
Balb/c mice display deficits of sociability; for example, they show reduced locomotor activity in the presence of an enclosed or freely-moving social stimulus mouse. Transgenic mice with defective or diminished expression of NMDA receptors manifest impaired sociability, while a partial and full agonist of the obligatory glycine co-agonist binding site on(More)
17β-estradiol (E2) rapidly, within minutes, activates behaviors and cognition by binding to membrane estrogen receptors, activating cell signaling cascades and increasing dendritic spines. In female rodents, E2 enhances spatial memory within 2-4 hours, and spine density is increased in the CA1 area of the hippocampus within 30-60 minutes. Although chronic(More)
The Balb/c mouse strain shows quantitative deficits of sociability and is behaviorally-hypersensitive to MK-801 (dizocilpine), a noncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonist. D-Serine (560mg/kg, intraperitoneally), a full agonist for the obligatory glycine co-agonist binding site on the NMDA receptor, increased the amount of time Balb/c mice spend in a(More)