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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of pre-intervention factors in patient-reported outcomes at 6 months post-operatively following total knee replacement. METHODS A prospective observational study was carried out using two questionnaires sent to patients while they were on the waiting list for surgery: a generic questionnaire, the Medical Outcomes Study(More)
OBJECTIVES We hypothesized that X-ray fused with magnetic resonance imaging (XFM) roadmaps might permit direct antegrade crossing and delivery of a ventricular septal defect (VSD) closure device and thereby reduce procedure time and radiation exposure. BACKGROUND Percutaneous device closure of membranous VSD is cumbersome and time-consuming. The procedure(More)
BACKGROUND We have developed and validated a system for real-time X-ray fused with magnetic resonance imaging, MRI (XFM), to guide catheter procedures with high spatial precision. Our implementation overlays roadmaps-MRI-derived soft-tissue features of interest-onto conventional X-ray fluoroscopy. We report our initial clinical experience applying XFM,(More)
BACKGROUND Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) permits 3-dimensional (3D) cardiac imaging with high soft tissue contrast. X-ray fluoroscopy provides high-resolution, 2-dimensional (2D) projection imaging. We have developed real-time x-ray fused with MRI (XFM) to guide invasive procedures that combines the best features of both imaging modalities. We tested the(More)
X-ray images acquired on systems with image intensifiers (II) exhibit characteristic distortion which is due to both external and internal factors. The distortion is dependent on the orientation of the II, a fact particularly relevant to II's mounted on C arms which have several degrees of freedom of motion. Previous descriptions of distortion correction(More)
In X-ray guided bronchoscopy of peripheral pulmonary lesions, airways and nodules are hardly visible in X-ray images. Transbronchial biopsy of peripheral lesions is often carried out blindly, resulting in degraded diagnostic yield. One solution of this problem is to superimpose the lesions and airways segmented from preoperative 3D CT images onto 2D X-ray(More)
Acetazolamide, chlorothiazide, ethacrynic acid and furosemide were infused to glucose loaded dogs. Glucose reasorption was unchanged after acetazolamide and chlorothiazide. Ethacrynic acid depressed glucose reabsorption significantly. Furosemide caused a modest decrease in glucose reabsorption which was not significant when the control values were compared(More)
X-ray guided bronchoscopy is commonly used for targeting peripheral lesions in the lungs which cannot be visualized directly by the bronchoscope. The airways and lesions are normally not visible in X-ray images, and as a result, transbronchial biopsy of peripheral lesions is often carried out blindly, lowering the diagnostic yield of bronchoscopy. In(More)