Luis E Munoz

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Autoantibodies against double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) and nucleosomes represent a hallmark of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, the mechanisms involved in breaking the immunological tolerance against these poorly immunogenic nuclear components are not fully understood. Impaired phagocytosis of apoptotic cells with consecutive release of nuclear(More)
Gout is characterized by an acute inflammatory reaction and the accumulation of neutrophils in response to monosodium urate (MSU) crystals. Inflammation resolves spontaneously within a few days, although MSU crystals can still be detected in the synovial fluid and affected tissues. Here we report that neutrophils recruited to sites of inflammation undergo(More)
In multicellular organisms apoptotic cells are rapidly and efficiently removed by professional or semi-professional phagocytes. The molecular mechanisms and the key players involved in this highly coordinate process, as well as its immunological outcome constitute a vividly expanding field of scientific interest. A plethora of studies provided a detailed(More)
OBJECTIVE Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are often characterized by cellular as well as humoral deficiencies in the recognition and phagocytosis of dead and dying cells. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the remnants of apoptotic cells are involved in the induction of inflammatory cytokines in blood-borne phagocytes. (More)
Defective viral genomes (DVGs) are generated during virus replication. DVGs bearing complementary ends are strong inducers of dendritic cell (DC) maturation and of the expression of antiviral and pro-inflammatory cytokines by triggering signaling of the RIG-I family of intracellular pattern recognition receptors. Our data show that DCs stimulated with virus(More)
The inefficient clearance of dying cells can result in the accumulation of apoptotic cell remnants. This occurrence is considered an intrinsic defect that can cause the permanent presence of cellular debris responsible for the initiation of systemic autoimmunity in diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). If postapoptotic debris accumulates in(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a fairly heterogeneous autoimmune disease. Impaired clearance functions for dying cells may explain accumulation of nuclear autoantigens in various tissues of SLE patients. Our data show that in a subgroup of patients with SLE, apoptotic cells accumulated in the germinal centres of the lymph nodes. Apoptotic material(More)
Dying cells were basically unnoticed by scientists for a long time and only came back into the spotlight roughly 10 years ago. The process of recognition and uptake of apoptotic and necrotic cells is complex and failures in this process can contribute to the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Here, we discuss the(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a complex disease resulting from inflammatory responses of the immune system against several autoantigens. Inflammation is conditioned by the continuous presence of autoantibodies and leaked autoantigens, e.g. from not properly cleared dying and dead cells. Various soluble molecules and biophysical properties of the(More)
Cell death plays a pivotal role in development and homeostasis of multicellular organisms. Apoptosis represents the physiological and anti-inflammatory form of cell death. Advanced apoptosis and necrosis are rather pro-inflammatory. Several "find-me"- and "eat-me"-signals support the "swift and silent" removal of dying cells. If the highly controlled(More)