Luis E. Gonzalez

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Whole exome sequencing has proven to be a powerful tool for understanding the genetic architecture of human disease. Here we apply it to more than 2,500 simplex families, each having a child with an autistic spectrum disorder. By comparing affected to unaffected siblings, we show that 13% of de novo missense mutations and 43% of de novo likely(More)
Behavioral effects of a medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) transection were assessed in animal tests of anxiety. Social investigation and plus-maze open arm exploration increased in MPFC damaged animals relative to sham ones. MPFC lesions prevented D-amphetamine (2 mg/kg, i.p.) induced social investigation decrease and exaggerated general locomotion increase.(More)
It has been suggested that the parasite Toxoplasma gondii reduces the fear of rodents toward their feline predators, which may lead to an augmented rate of predation and multiplication of the parasite through an increased number of life cycles. To investigate whether T. gondii infection induces selective effects on behavior associated with anxiety, Wistar(More)
An abnormality in glutamate function has been implicated in the neural substrate of depressive disorders. To investigate this in rats, the Porsolt swim test was used to assess the role of glutamate in the nucleus accumbens. Glutamate injected into the nucleus accumbens dose-dependently decreased swimming time on the test day (day 2), whereas(More)
The acid-base equilibrium constants of a new family of antihypertensive drugs, the angiotensin II receptor antagonists (ARA II), Losartan, Irbesartan, Valsartan, Candesartan cilexetil, its metabolite Candesartan M1 and Telmisartan were determined by spectrofluorimetry. Relative fluorescent intensity (I(F,rel))-pH data were treated by graphical (derivatives(More)
On the basis of our previous series of experiments we had postulated that the increased anxiety that occurred during diazepam withdrawal was mediated by increased 5-HT release in the hippocampus. The present series of experiments provide evidence for a major role of the median raphé nucleus (MRN) dorsal hippocampal pathway. Rats were treated once daily for(More)
Thyroid hormone is important for development and plasticity in the immature and adult mammalian brain. Several thyroid hormone-responsive genes are regulated during specific developmental time windows, with relatively few influenced across the lifespan. We provide novel evidence that thyroid hormone regulates expression of the key developmental morphogen(More)
Male rats were castrated before puberty. When they were adult, the activity of their mesolimbic dopamine system was tested by ventral striatum microdialysis. Amphetamine injections increased dopamine more in castrated rats than in normal rats. This exaggerated response was attenuated by testosterone replacement therapy. The mechanism by which androgens(More)
Capillary zone electrophoresis is capable of analyzing nanoliter volumes, reducing the challenge posed by brain microdialysis time resolution improvement to the management of nanoliter dialysate volumes. This fact has not been overlooked and 12- and 6-s time resolution microdialysis have been reported in anesthetized rats. However, behavioral experiments(More)
The objectives of this study were to determine arginine and glutamate levels in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of adult chronic periodontitis patients versus periodontally healthy controls, and to compare two kinds of microdialysis probes: normal and U-shaped probes. The analysis of GCF components was developed to improve the diagnosis of periodontal(More)