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In this paper we report that the assembly of interendothelial junctions containing the cell type-specific vascular endothelial cadherin (VE-cadherin or cadherin-5) is a dynamic process which is affected by the functional state of the cells. Immunofluorescence double labeling of endothelial cells (EC) cultures indicated that VE-cadherin, alpha-catenin, and(More)
An early step in the formation of the extraembryonic and intraembryonic vasculature is endothelial cell differentiation and organization in blood islands and vascular structures. This involves the expression and function of specific adhesive molecules at cell-to-cell junctions. Previous work showed that endothelial cells express a cell-specific cadherin(More)
Human vascular endothelial cadherin (VE-cadherin, 7B4/cadherin-5) is an endothelial-specific cadherin localized at the intercellular junctions. To directly investigate the functional role of this molecule we cloned the full-length cDNA from human endothelial cells and transfected its coding region into Chinese hamster ovary cells. The product of the(More)
Vascular endothelial cadherin (VE-cadherin, cadherin-5, or 7B4) is an endothelial specific cadherin that regulates cell to cell junction organization in this cell type. Cadherin linkage to intracellular catenins was found to be required for their adhesive properties and for localization at cell to cell junctions. We constructed a mutant form of VE-cadherin(More)
Endothelial cell proliferation is inhibited by the establishment of cell to cell contacts. Adhesive molecules at junctions could therefore play a role in transferring negative growth signals. The transmembrane protein VE-cadherin (vascular endothelial cadherin/cadherin-S) is selectively expressed at intercellular clefts in the endothelium. The intracellular(More)
The presence in plasma of an electronegative LDL subfraction [LDL(-)] cytotoxic for endothelial cells (ECs) has been reported. We studied the effect of LDL(-) on the release by ECs of molecules implicated in leukocyte recruitment [interleukin-8 (IL-8) and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1)] and in the plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1). LDL(-),(More)
Although blood monocytes possess significant cytotoxic activity against tumor cells, tumor-infiltrating monocytes are commonly deactivated in cancer patients. Monocytes pre-exposed to tumor cells show significantly decreased expression levels of TNF-alpha, IL-12p40, and IL-1R-associated kinase (IRAK)-1. Activation of the Ser/Thr kinase IRAK-1 is an(More)
We studied the role of advanced glycosylation end products on the induction of nitric oxide synthase in peritoneal mouse macrophages previously exposed to modified BSA. A dose-dependent increment in the nitric oxide production induced by LPS and IFN-gamma was observed when cell cultures were pretreated with modified BSA for 48 hours. In addition, the up(More)
Endothelial monolayer forms the main barrier to the passage of macromolecules and circulating cells from blood to tissues. This property is regulated by intercellular junctions. These are complex structures formed by transmembrane adhesive molecules linked to a network of cytoplasmic cytoskeletal proteins. Endothelial junctions vary in number and(More)
Survival after lipopolysaccharide challenge (LD80, 20 mg.kg-1, i.p.) was significantly enhanced by previous treatment with a microdose of LPS (50 micrograms.kg-1, i.v.). When NG-monomethyl-L-arginine, a specific inhibitor of the formation of nitric oxide from L-arginine, was given 30 minutes before microdose, survival was significantly reduced. When we(More)