Luis Antonio Castaño

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The Di@bet.es Study is the first national study in Spain to examine the prevalence of diabetes and impaired glucose regulation. A population-based, cross-sectional, cluster sampling study was carried out, with target population being the entire Spanish population. Five thousand and seventy-two participants in 100 clusters (health centres or the equivalent(More)
Heterozygous coding mutations in the INS gene that encodes preproinsulin were recently shown to be an important cause of permanent neonatal diabetes. These dominantly acting mutations prevent normal folding of proinsulin, which leads to beta-cell death through endoplasmic reticulum stress and apoptosis. We now report 10 different recessive INS mutations in(More)
To improve criteria for entry into future trials of immunosuppression, we enrolled 40 children with recent-onset Type I insulin-dependent diabetes in a pilot trial of cyclosporine. Twenty-seven patients were able to discontinue insulin therapy 48 +/- 5 days after the start of immunosuppression. At four months, their fasting and postprandial blood glucose(More)
We have identified a novel 69-kD peptide autoantigen (ICA69) associated with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) by screening a human islet lambda gt11 cDNA expression library with cytoplasmic islet cell antibody positive sera from relatives of IDDM patients who progressed to the overt disease. The deduced open reading frame of the ICA69 cDNA(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to group patients with MODY (maturity-onset diabetes of the young) according to the genetic alterations underlying the disease and to investigate their clinical characteristics. PATIENTS AND METHODS Molecular analysis of GCK (MODY2), HNF-1alpha (MODY3), HNF-4alpha (MODY1) and HNF-1beta (MODY5) genes was performed by DNA(More)
Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) form a group of regulatory molecules that specifically recognize HLA class I molecules, modulating cytolytic activity of natural killer cells. The number of KIR genes can vary between individuals, significant allelic variations have been described, and KIR genes are organized in a complex and heterogeneous(More)
BACKGROUND Innate immunity contributes to the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases, such as type 1 diabetes, but until now no randomised, controlled trials of blockade of the key innate immune mediator interleukin-1 have been done. We aimed to assess whether canakinumab, a human monoclonal anti-interleukin-1 antibody, or anakinra, a human interleukin-1(More)
BACKGROUND Androgen receptor (AR) gene mutations are the most frequent cause of 46,XY disorders of sex development (DSD) and are associated with a variety of phenotypes, ranging from phenotypic women [complete androgen insensitivity syndrome (CAIS)] to milder degrees of undervirilization (partial form or PAIS) or men with only infertility (mild form or(More)
CONTEXT We studied two sisters with congenital hypothyroidism and choreoathetosis but not respiratory distress. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to establish the genetic defect that causes this phenotype and study the molecular mechanisms of the pathology by means of functional analysis. DESIGN Sequencing of DNA, expression vectors generation, EMSAs,(More)
The major susceptibility locus for type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) maps to the human lymphocyte antigen (HLA) class II region in the major histocompatibility complex on chromosome 6p21. In southern European populations, like the Basques, the greatest risk to T1D is associated with DR3 homo- and heterozygosity and is comparable to that of DR3/DR4, the highest(More)