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OBJECTIVE Although the need for accurate anthropometric measurement has been repeatedly stressed, reports on growth and physical measurements in human populations rarely include estimates of measurement error. We describe the standardization process and reliability of anthropometric measurements carried out in a pilot study. METHODS For the intraobserver(More)
Birth weight within the normal range is associated with a variety of adult-onset diseases, but the mechanisms behind these associations are poorly understood. Previous genome-wide association studies of birth weight identified a variant in the ADCY5 gene associated both with birth weight and type 2 diabetes(More)
BACKGROUND Adequate sleep is a critical factor for adolescent's health and health-related behaviors. OBJECTIVE (a) to describe sleep duration in European adolescents from nine countries, (b) to assess the association of short sleep duration with excess adiposity and (c) to elucidate if physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviors and/or inadequate food(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the total fluid intake from drinking water and beverages in adult populations from different countries and assess the percentage of individuals complying with the European Food Safety Agency (EFSA) adequate intake (AI) of water from fluids. METHODS A total of 16,276 adults (7580 men and 8696 women) aged between 18 and 70 years (mean(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between proxy-reported energy intake, daily food intake and energy density of foods and body mass index (BMI) z-score in 2-9-year-old European children. METHODS From 16,225 children who participated in the identification and prevention of dietary- and lifestyle-induced health effects in(More)
CONTEXT Telomeres are biomarkers of biological aging. Shorter telomeres have been associated with increased adiposity in adults. However, this relationship remains unclear in children and adolescents. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the association between telomere length (TL) and adiposity markers in overweight/obese adolescents after an intensive program. We(More)
Multiple genetic variants have been associated with adult obesity and a few with severe obesity in childhood; however, less progress has been made in establishing genetic influences on common early-onset obesity. We performed a North American, Australian and European collaborative meta-analysis of 14 studies consisting of 5,530 cases (≥95th percentile of(More)
BACKGROUND Current data on the prevalence of overweight and energy-balance behaviors among European children is necessary to inform overweight prevention interventions. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS A school-based survey among 10-12 year old children was conducted in seven European countries using a standardized protocol. Weight, height, and waist(More)
Michels et al. (1) recently reported that use of body mass index alone does not always capture adequately the joint relation of body composition and body size to health outcomes. To arrive at this conclusion, they analyzed a sample of 3,543 white 13-year-old girls from the Pediatric Task Force database (2). A problem with this approach is that body mass(More)