Luis Alarcón-Martínez

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UNLABELLED In adult Swiss albino and C57 pigmented mice, RGCs were identified with a retrogradely transported neuronal tracer applied to both optic nerves (ON) or superior colliculi (SCi). After histological processing, the retinas were prepared as whole-mounts, examined and photographed under a fluorescence microscope equipped with a motorized stage(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the effects of laser photocoagulation (LP)-induced ocular hypertension (OHT) on the survival and retrograde axonal transport of retinal ganglion cells (RGC), as well as on the function of retinal layers. METHODS Adult albino Swiss mice (35-45 g) received laser photocoagulation of limbal and episcleral veins in the left eye. Mice(More)
Ocular hypertension (OHT) is the main risk factor of glaucoma, a neuropathy leading to blindness. Here we have investigated the effects of laser photocoagulation (LP)-induced OHT, on the survival and retrograde axonal transport (RAT) of adult rat retinal ganglion cells (RGC) from 1 to 12 wks. Active RAT was examined with fluorogold (FG) applied to both(More)
Glaucoma, the second most common cause of blindness, is characterized by a progressive loss of retinal ganglion cells and their axons, with a concomitant loss of the visual field. Although the exact pathogenesis of glaucoma is not completely understood, a critical risk factor is the elevation, above normal values, of the intraocular pressure. Consequently,(More)
In adult albino mice the effects of increased intraocular pressure on the outer retina and its circuitry was investigated at intervals ranging 3-14 weeks. Ocular hypertension (OHT) was induced by cauterizing the vessels draining the anterior part of the mice eye, as recently reported (Salinas-Navarro et al., 2009a). Electroretinographic (ERG) responses were(More)
We examined qualitatively and quantitatively in adult rat retinas the temporal degeneration of the nerve fibre layer after intra-orbital optic nerve transection (IONT) or crush (IONC). Retinal ganglion cell (RGC) axons were identified by their heavy neurofilament subunit phosphorylated isoform (pNFH) expression. Optic nerve injury induces a progressive(More)
Optic nerve transection (ONT) triggers retinal ganglion cell (RGC) death. By using this paradigm, we have analyzed for the first time in adult albino and pigmented mice, the effects of ONT in the scotopic threshold response (STR) components (negative and positive) of the full-field electroretinogram. Two weeks after ONT, when in pigmented mice approximately(More)
PURPOSE To quantify the whole population of S- and L-cones in the albino (Sprague-Dawley, SD) and pigmented (Piebald Virol Glaxo, PVG) rats and to study their topographical distribution within the retina. METHODS Retinal radial sections and whole-mounted retinas were double immunodetected with antibodies against UV-sensitive and L-opsins to detect the S-(More)
PURPOSE To analyze the damage produced by light in mydriatic and miotic albino retinas under two different sources of light. METHODS Albino Sprague Dawley female rats were exposed to 3,000 lx during 48 h under two different light sources: linear and circular bulbs. Before exposure, their left pupils were dilated. Before and at different times after light(More)
We have investigated the effects of light-emitting diode (LED)-induced phototoxicity (LIP) on cone-photoreceptors and their protection with brimonidine (BMD), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF), ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) or basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). In anesthetized, dark adapted, adult(More)