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OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to examine whether adding homocysteine (Hcy) to a model based on traditional cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors improves risk classification. BACKGROUND Data on using Hcy to reclassify individuals in various risk categories beyond traditional approaches have not been adequately scrutinized. METHODS We(More)
Acute visceral leishmaniasis is a progressive disease caused by Leishmania chagasi in South America. The acquisition of immunity following infection suggests that vaccination is a feasible approach to protect against this disease. Since Leishmania homologue of receptors for activated C kinase (LACK) antigen is of particular interest as a vaccine candidate(More)
The clinical significance of ERBB2 amplification/overexpression in gastric cancer remains unclear. In this study, we evaluated the ERBB2 status in 463 gastric carcinomas using immunohistochemistry (IHC) and fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH), and compared the findings with histopathological characteristics and with disease-specific survival. ERBB2(More)
BACKGROUND Obese patients have favorable outcomes in congestive heart failure, hypertension, peripheral vascular disease, and coronary artery disease. Obesity also has been linked with increased incidence of atrial fibrillation, but its influence on outcomes in atrial fibrillation patients has not been investigated. The objective of this research is to(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM The reliability and external validity of narrow band imaging (NBI) in the stomach have not been described consistently. The aim of the current study was to describe and estimate the accuracy and reliability of a simplified classification system for NBI in the diagnosis of gastric lesions. METHODS Consecutive patients undergoing(More)
In the present study, C57BL/6 mice were inoculated with metacyclic Leishmania amazonensis or L. braziliensis promastigotes. While these animals were capable of controlling the infection by L. braziliensis, they developed chronic lesions with elevated numbers of parasites when infected by L. amazonensis. The differences in parasite control were associated(More)
When infected with Trypanosoma cruzi, Beagle dogs develop symptoms similar to those of Chagas disease in human beings, and could be an important experimental model for a better understanding of the immunopathogenic mechanisms involved in chronic chagasic infection. This study evaluates IL-10, IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha production in the sera, culture(More)
A systematic study following infection by various strains of the protozoan parasite, Trypanosoma cruzi, and the simultaneous monitoring of the humoral immune response together with the elicited cellular response, could add greatly to our understanding of differences between strains of this important human pathogen. In that sense, acute and chronic(More)
Pericardiocentesis for therapeutic drainage of pericardial fluid may be associated with a variety of complications, including laceration of the right ventricle or coronary artery, arrhythmias, viscus perforation, hypotension, pneumothorax, adult respiratory distress syndrome and death. Hemodynamic derangements such as acute left ventricular failure,(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to estimate the effect of long-term exposure to lower plasma low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) on the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). BACKGROUND LDL-C is causally related to the risk of CHD. However, the association between long-term exposure to lower LDL-C beginning early in life and the risk of(More)