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In developed countries, obesity prevalence has strongly increased in the last decades. This has also been observed in children and adolescents. Until recently, type 2 diabetes mellitus was considered very rare among children and adolescents; however, in the last decades, some cases have been observed mainly in obese adolescents of some minority populations.(More)
BACKGROUND The European IDEFICS (Identification and prevention of dietary- and lifestyle-induced health effects in children and infants) study was set up to determine the aetiology of overweight, obesity and related disorders in children, and to develop and evaluate a tailored primary prevention programme. OBJECTIVE This paper focuses on the aetiological(More)
OBJECTIVE To obtain reference values of the waist circumference in Spanish children, and to investigate their dependence on age and gender. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING General school-age population. SUBJECTS A representative sample of the schools in Zaragoza, Spain, was drawn from seven schools. The population selected comprised 1728(More)
BACKGROUND Reference values for the main indices of body fat distribution in children are not available. METHODS The study population comprised 1638 Caucasian children and adolescents: 848 boys and 790 girls, with ages ranging from 4.0 to 14.9 years, and living in the central part of Spain (Provincia de Zaragoza). The waist-to-hip circumference ratio and(More)
This position paper on complementary feeding summarizes evidence for health effects of complementary foods. It focuses on healthy infants in Europe. After reviewing current knowledge and practices, we have formulated these conclusions: Exclusive or full breast-feeding for about 6 months is a desirable goal. Complementary feeding (ie, solid foods and liquids(More)
An adequate vitamin D status is essential during childhood and adolescence, for its important role in cell growth, skeletal structure and development. It also reduces the risk of conditions such as CVD, osteoporosis, diabetes mellitus, infections and autoimmune disease. As comparable data on the European level are lacking, assessment of vitamin D(More)
The authors' aim in this cross-sectional study was to characterize levels of objectively measured physical activity and sedentary time in adolescents from 9 European countries. The study comprised 2,200 European adolescents (1,184 girls) participating in the HELENA cross-sectional study (2006-2008). Physical activity was measured by accelerometry and was(More)
BACKGROUND Adequate sleep is a critical factor for adolescent's health and health-related behaviors. OBJECTIVE (a) to describe sleep duration in European adolescents from nine countries, (b) to assess the association of short sleep duration with excess adiposity and (c) to elucidate if physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviors and/or inadequate food(More)
OBJECTIVES We assessed the effectiveness of 2 environmental-structural interventions in reducing risks of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among female sex workers in the Dominican Republic. METHODS Two intervention models were implemented over a 1-year period: community solidarity in Santo Domingo and solidarity combined with government(More)
UNLABELLED What is already known about this subject Overweight and obesity can be linked to different parental socioeconomic factors already in very young children. In Western developed countries, the association of childhood overweight and obesity and parental socioeconomic status shows a negative gradient. Ambiguous results have been obtained regarding(More)