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The renin-angiotensin system plays a key role in the regulation of cardiovascular functions and in particular angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R)-operated pathways are involved in the modulation of inflammation in the vascular wall. In the present study we assessed the pattern of expression of AT1Rs on different human circulating leukocyte subsets. Venous(More)
Treatment with statins requires close monitoring of serum creatine kinase (CK) levels to prevent myopathy, a common and potentially serious dose-dependent adverse effect of these drugs. We have investigated the correlation between elevated CK levels and polymorphisms in the genes encoding transporters involved in statin disposition. Patients with and(More)
The objective of the present study was define in a relatively large patient population with coronary artery disease (CAD) whether the concomitant presence of peripheral artery disease (PAD), which is known to convey additional cardiovascular risk, was associated with different circulating levels of sRAGE with respect to CAD alone and control subjects.(More)
OBJECTIVE The mechanisms involved in the relationship between pain perception and hypertension are poorly understood. This study has sought to investigate whether the spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity and the autonomic nervous system balance are related to hypertension-associated hypoalgesia. METHODS In the morning, 73 untreated male subjects (45(More)
BACKGROUND Neutrophil (PMN) leukocytes participate to the initial phases of atherosclerosis through the release of Interleukin 8 (CxCL8; IL-8) that contribute to amplification of inflammation. Aim of the study is to investigate the production of IL-8 by PMN leukocytes from dyslipidemic patients treated with simvastatin. METHODS In 15 dyslipidemic subjects(More)
BACKGROUND In diabetes, a variety of pro-inflammatory cellular changes has been found in various cell types, including monocytes which are known to be involved in all the phases of atherogenesis. Angiotensin II (Ang II) type 1 receptor (AT1R) mediates the pro-atherogenic effects of Ang II whereas the type 2 receptor (AT2R) seems associated with(More)
INTRODUCTION We designed a randomized, controlled prospective study aimed at comparing efficacy and tolerability of ezetimibe+fenofibrate treatment versus pravastatin monotherapy in dyslipidemic HIV-positive (HIV+) patients treated with protease inhibitors (PIs). METHODS We consecutively enrolled 42 HIV+ dyslipidemic patients on stable PIs therapy (LDL(More)
Viral hepatitis may promote the development of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and, more specifically, portal vein thrombosis (PVT). In this narrative review, we summarize the clinical data and discuss the possible pathogenetic roles of cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and hepatitis A, B, and C viruses (HAV, HBV, HCV) in the occurrence of VTE.(More)
Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease characterized by immunological activity, in which endothelial dysfunction represents an early event leading to subsequent inflammatory vascular damage. We investigated gene expression of the adhesion molecules (AMs) ICAM-1, VCAM-1, and β1-integrin in endothelial cells (ECs) isolated from venous blood (circulating(More)
A cardiovascular over-reactivity to stress may participate in the pathophysiology of hypertension. The aim of this study was to investigate whether baseline indexes of autonomic modulation of heart rate or baroreflex sensitivity were correlated with cardiovascular reactivity to stress. Spectral parameters of RR interval variability and the LF alpha-index(More)