Luigia Auriemma

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The increasing resistance of bacteria and fungi to the available antibiotic/antimycotic drugs urges for a search for new anti-infective compounds with new modes of action. In line of this, natural CAMPs represent promising and attractive candidates. Special attention has been devoted to frog-skin temporins, because of their short size (10-14 residues long)(More)
Temporins are naturally occurring peptides with promising features, which could lead to the development of new drugs. Temporin-1Tl (TL) is the strongest antimicrobial peptide, but it is toxic on human erythrocytes and this fact makes the design of synthetic analogues with a higher therapeutic index vital.We studied the structure-activity relationships of a(More)
Alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) is an endogenous linear tridecapeptide with potent anti-inflammatory effects. We firstly demonstrated that alpha-MSH and its C-terminal sequence Lys-Pro-Val [alpha-MSH(11-13)] have antimicrobial effects against two major and representative pathogens: Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans. Successively,(More)
Previous investigations indicate that α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) and certain synthetic analogues of it exert antimicrobial effects against bacteria and yeasts. However, these molecules have weak activity in standard microbiology conditions and this hampers a realistic clinical use. The aim in the present study was to identify novel peptides(More)
The frog skin peptide temporin L (TL, 13-residues long) has a wide and potent spectrum of antimicrobial activity, but it is also toxic on mammalian cells at its microbicidal concentrations. Previous studies have indicated that its analogue [Pro(3)]TL has a slightly reduced hemolytic activity and a stable helical conformation along residues 6-13. Here, to(More)
Urotensin II (U-II) is a disulfide bridged peptide hormone identified as the ligand of a G protein-coupled receptor. Human U-II (H-Glu-Thr-Pro-Asp-c[Cys-Phe-Trp-Lys-Tyr-Cys]-Val-OH) has been described as the most potent vasoconstrictor compound identified to date. We have recently identified both a superagonist of hU-II termed P5U(More)
Urotensin II (U-II) is a disulfide bridged peptide hormone identified as the ligand of a G-protein-coupled receptor. Human U-II (H-Glu-Thr-Pro-Asp-c[Cys-Phe-Trp-Lys-Tyr-Cys]-Val-OH) has been described as the most potent vasoconstrictor compound identified to date. We have recently identified both a superagonist of human U-II termed P5U(More)
The new allelic variant HLA-B*38:55Q differs from the closest related B*38:01:01 by one nucleotide substitution at position 373 in exon 3 (TGC>CGC). This results in a difference of one amino acid at residue 101 of the HLA-B heavy chain, from a neutral-polar Cys to a basic-polar Arg, thus impairing disulphide bridge formation in the alpha-2 domain. This(More)
The incorporation of a Freidinger-like lactam structure into the backbone of peptides has been proven to be an useful strategy in the design of a variety of conformationally restricted targets. Several different strategies have been developed toward Freidinger lactams but no one resulted to be completely facile. Here, we report an efficient strategy that(More)
We have optimized 1 (P5U) and urantide, two important ligands at the h-UT receptor, designing several analogues by the exchange of the Tyr9 residue with different unnatural aromatic amino acids. This study allowed us to discover novel ligands with improved activity. In particular, the replacement of the Tyr9 residue by (pCN)Phe or (pNO2)Phe within the(More)
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