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The cognitive and behavioural deficits caused by traumatic brain injury (TBI) to the immature brain are more severe and persistent than TBI in the mature brain. Understanding this developmental sensitivity is critical as children under four years of age sustain TBI more frequently than any other age group. Microglia (MG), resident immune cells of the brain(More)
Early onset of absence seizures (<3 years) is rare and usually associated with a poor cognitive prognosis. Familial cases have not been reported to date. We observed a family in which two out of three sibs showed early-onset absences and mild mental retardation. Linkage to the ECA1 locus, where one clinical subtype of CAE is mapped, was excluded by(More)
Cerebral palsy is a major health problem caused by brain damage during pregnancy, delivery, or the immediate postnatal period. Perinatal stroke, intraventricular hemorrhage, and asphyxia are the most common causes of neonatal brain damage. Periventricular white matter damage (periventricular leukomalacia) is the predominant form in premature infants and the(More)
West syndrome or infantile spasms is one of the most frequent epileptic syndromes in the first year of life. The clinical symptoms of infantile spasms are very different than any other type of seizure because of both the absence of paroxysmal motor phenomena (i.e., as in a convulsion) and the lack of significant duration of loss of consciousness (i.e., as(More)
IMPORTANCE Infantile colic is a common cause of inconsolable crying during the first months of life and has been thought to be a pain syndrome. Migraine is a common cause of headache pain in childhood. Whether there is an association between these 2 types of pain in unknown. OBJECTIVE To investigate a possible association between infantile colic and(More)
Myhre syndrome (MS) (MIM 139210) is a rare disorder characterized by short stature, mental retardation, muscular build, blepharophimosis, and decreased joint mobility. We report on a 14-year-old boy with clinical findings consistent with a diagnosis of Myhre syndrome, associated with autism and peculiar skin histological findings.
Disorders of the developing brain represent a major health problem. The neurological manifestations of brain lesions can range from severe clinical deficits to more subtle neurological signs or behavioral problems and learning disabilities, which often become evident many years after the initial damage. These long-term sequelae are due at least in part to(More)
Despite the typically benign nature of febrile seizures, a large number of children with simple febrile seizures are overinvestigated and overtreated, according to the personal clinical experience of the treating doctors. The study objective was to analyze the effect of implementing an evidence-based medicine guideline on the management of febrile seizures(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the spectrum of clinical, neuropsychological, and neuroradiologic features in patients with autosomal recessive primary microcephaly (MCPH) due to ASPM gene mutations. METHODS ASPM was sequenced in 52 unrelated MCPH probands. In patients with ASPM mutations, we evaluated the clinical phenotype, cognition, behavior, brain MRI, and(More)