Luigi Scipione

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the caffeic acid (1) and ester derivatives (2-10) against Candida albicans biofilm and to investigate whether these compounds are able to inhibit the biofilm formation or destroy pre-formed biofilm. Caffeic acid ester 7, cinnamic acid ester 8 and 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid ester 10 are more active than fluconazole, used(More)
A series of antiviral basic quinolinonyl diketo acid derivatives were developed as inhibitors of HIV-1 IN. Compounds 12d,f,i inhibited HIV-1 IN with IC50 values below 100 nM for strand transfer and showed a 2 order of magnitude selectivity over 3'-processing. These strand transfer selective inhibitors also inhibited HIV-1 RNase H with low micromolar(More)
Two new GABA derivatives, 1 and 2, were synthesized and tested for their capacity to display CNS activity, which was assessed by determining the effects on the duration of pentobarbital-induced hypnosis in rats. Compound 1, peripherally injected, significantly prolonged the hypnosis time, a typical GABA-mimetic effect, while both intracerebroventricular and(More)
Bifunctional quinolinonyl DKA derivatives were first described as nonselective inhibitors of 3'-processing (3'-P) and strand transfer (ST) functions of HIV-1 integrase (IN), while 7-aminosubstituted quinolinonyl derivatives were proven IN strand transfer inhibitors (INSTIs) that also displayed activity against ribonuclease H (RNase H). In this study, we(More)
The increasing efficiency of HAART has helped to transform HIV/AIDS into a chronic disease. Still, resistance and drug-drug interactions warrant the development of new anti-HIV agents. We previously discovered hit 6, active against HIV-1 replication and targeting RNase H in vitro. Because of its diketo-acid moiety, we speculated that this chemotype could(More)
A new series of 2-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)-1-phenylethanol derivatives was synthesized. The antifungal activity was evaluated in vitro against different fungal species. The biological results show that the most active compounds possess an antifungal activity comparable or higher than Fluconazole against Candida albicans, non-albicans Candida species, Cryptococcus(More)
Redox reactions were carried out in aerobiosis and anaerobiosis between NAD(P) dimers or NAD(P)H and pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) in different buffers. The buffer system and pH significantly affected the oxidation rates of nucleotides and the ESR signal intensity of the PQQ(*) radical formed in anaerobiosis by comproportion between the quinone and quinol(More)
The antiparasitic activity of azole and new 4-aminopyridine derivatives has been investigated. The imidazoles 1 and 3-5 showed a potent in vitro antichagasic activity with IC50 values in the low nanomolar concentration range. The (S)-1, (S)-3, and (S)-5 enantiomers showed (up to) a thousand-fold higher activity than the reference drug benznidazole and(More)
Several carbamate derivatives of 4-aminopyridine were synthesized and their anticholinesterase activity was evaluated. Compound 4d showed the highest inhibitory effect blocking non-competitively acetylcholinesterase and competitively butyrylcholinesterase. Furthermore, carbamate 4d was able to revert the amnesic effects of scopolamine in the passive(More)
Sterol 14α-demethylase (CYP51) is a key enzyme involved in the survival and virulence of many parasite protozoa, such as Trypanosoma and Leishmania species, thus representing a valuable drug target for the treatment of Kinetoplastid diseases. A set of azole-based compounds selected from an in-house compound library was in vitro screened against different(More)