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In order to study the prevalence of hypertension and some of the factors relevant to its natural history, cross-sectional surveys were performed during the period 1967 to 1973 in five small Peruvian communities, two located at sea level and three above 13,000 feet of altitude. In total, 4,359 persons were studied at sea level (1,970 males and 2,389 females)(More)
The analgesic activity of dothiepin (an antidepressant interacting with serotonin receptors) was studied (double-blind) in humans. A significant increase in nociceptive flexion reflex threshold and subjective pain threshold was observed after a 14-day dothiepin treatment. The effects of dothiepin on diffuse noxious inhibitory controls were also investigated(More)
Chronic migraine (CM) is an invalidating condition affecting a significant population of headache sufferers, frequently associated with medication overuse headache (MOH). Controlled trials and guidelines for the treatment of MOH are currently not available. We studied the efficacy of a therapeutic regimen for the withdrawal of the overused drug and(More)
Ibuprofen is a widely used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). Inhibition of prostaglandin biosynthesis is considered to be the main mechanism of action of this substance. Recently, a central analgesic activity was described in an experimental study. In order to explore the possibility that ibuprofen induces analgesia at central level in humans,(More)
The exact relationship between depression and chronic headache remains unclear. Considerable clinical and pharmacological evidence suggests the existence of a common biological terrain. Many antidepressant drugs are effective in the treatment of migraine and chronic headache disorders. Ritanserin, a new very selective serotonin-2 (5-HT2) antagonist, has(More)
Despite many studies, the mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of pain in cluster headache (CH) still remain obscure. An involvement of substance P (SP) containing neurons of the Gasserian ganglion and/or of the spinal trigeminal nucleus has recently been suggested, e.g., by impairment of inhibitory descending pathways on trigeminal nociceptive neurons.(More)
BACKGROUND Medication overuse headache (MOH) is a secondary headache, whose diagnostic criteria were settled by the Second Edition of the International Classification of Headache Disorders and its subsequent revisions. Its diagnosis and treatment represent a growing problem worldwide and a challenge for headache specialists. OBJECTIVE The aim of this(More)
Increasing evidence shows that migraine, typically considered as an episodic disease, is a chronic and, in some patients, progressive disorder. Among neuromodulators used for migraine prevention, topiramate has a high level of evidence-based efficacy. Through its wide range of mechanisms of action topiramate increases the activation threshold resulting in(More)