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We have characterized a nuclease hypersensitive chromatin fraction from murine spermatozoa. Endogenous nuclease activity can be induced in mouse epididymal spermatozoa by appropriate stimuli and cause the localized degradation of chromosomal DNA. Based on these observations, we have isolated nuclease hypersensitive chromatin regions released from(More)
The MPM-2 antibody labels mitosis-specific and cell cycle-regulated phosphoproteins. The major phosphoproteins of mitotic chromosomes recognized by the MPM-2 antibody are DNA topoisomerase II (topoII) alpha and beta. In immunofluorescence studies of PtK1 cytoskeletons, prepared by detergent lysis in the presence of potent phosphatase inhibitors, the MPM-2(More)
The effect of cytochalasin B (Cyt-B; 3 and 6 micrograms/ml; for the last 28 h) on micronuclei (MN) was studied in 72-h purified lymphocyte cultures of three male donors. The frequency of MN was much higher in multinucleate cells (mean 100-204 MN per 1000 cells) than in binucleate cells (mean 8.2-21.0 MN per 1000 cells), tetranucleate cells containing more(More)
Ran-binding protein (RanBP) 1 is a major regulator of the Ran GTPase and is encoded by a regulatory target gene of E2F factors. The Ran GTPase network controls several cellular processes, including nucleocytoplasmic transport and cell cycle progression, and has recently also been shown to regulate microtubule nucleation and spindle assembly in Xenopus(More)
The analysis of micronuclei (MN) in cultured human lymphocytes is, in principle, able to detect exposure to clastogens and aneuploidogens alike. There is, however, no clear evidence from human biomonitoring studies or animal experiments showing that in vivo exposure of resting lymphocytes to an aneuploidogen could actually be expressed as MN in cultured(More)
Female CB6F1 mice and male Wistar rats were exposed to different concentrations of 1,3-butadiene (1,3-BD) by inhalation. Micronucleus tests using both peripheral blood erythrocytes and femoral marrow cells of these animals were performed. Cells were stained either using conventional acridine orange (AO) staining or supravitally using AO-coated slides.(More)
A protocol for the simultaneous visualization of minor and major satellite DNA by primed in situ DNA synthesis (PRINS) was developed in cytokinesis-blocked murine splenocytes. After individuation of optimal experimental conditions, a micronucleus (MN) test was carried out by treating splenocytes in vitro with the clastogenic agent mitomycin C and the(More)
The genotoxicity of diepoxibutane (DEB) and epoxybutene (EB), two of the main metabolites of 1,3-butadiene, was tested in the germ and somatic cells of the mouse by applying an MN assay in early spermatids, and in peripheral blood reticulocytes of a subgroup of the same animals. DEB (0.17 and 0.35 mmol/kg) and EB (0.35, 0.70 and 1.04 mmol/kg) were(More)