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PLANT-PIs is a database developed to facilitate retrieval of information on plant protease inhibitors (PIs) and related genes. For each PI, links to sequence databases are reported together with a summary of the functional properties of the molecule (and its mutants) as deduced from literature. PLANT-PIs contains information for 351 plant PIs, plus several(More)
Leishmania infantum is the causative agent of canine leishmaniasis in the Mediterranean area. The aspects of the canine immune response which may explain the chronic severe disease in these animals have not been well investigated. Therefore, in this work we have evaluated the parasite killing ability by circulating polymorphonuclear (PMN) cells and(More)
A TaqMan-based real-time PCR assay was developed for the diagnosis of Anaplasma marginale infection of cattle. The established assay was proven to be highly specific, since no cross-reactions were observed with other Anaplasma species of ruminants, including the closely related Anaplasma centrale, or other haemoparasites of ruminants (Anaplasma bovis,(More)
Abstract Insect-resistant transgenic plants have been suggested to have deleterious effects on beneficial predators feeding on crop pests, through transmission of the transgene product by the pest to the predator. To test this hypothesis, effects of oilseed rape expressing the serine protease inhibitor, mustard trypsin inhibitor -2 (MTI-2), on the predatory(More)
The mustard trypsin inhibitor MTI-2 is a potential tool in the study of interactions between pest insects and plants. It can be applied to study the adaptations of digestive proteases in pest insects. Phage display allows a rapid and exhaustive system for the selection of heterologous protein variants with novel specificities. Here we describe a(More)
Genome walking is a molecular procedure for the direct identification of nucleotide sequences from purified genomes. The only requirement is the availability of a known nucleotide sequence from which to start. Several genome walking methods have been developed in the last 20 years, with continuous improvements added to the first basic strategies, including(More)
Genome walking procedures are all based on a final polymerase chain reaction amplification, regardless of the strategy employed for the synthesis of the substrate molecule. Here we report a modification of an already established genome walking strategy in which a single-strand DNA substrate is obtained by primer extension driven by Klenow polymerase and(More)
Determination of nucleotide sequences adjacent to a known region is a recurring need in many genome scale studies. Various methods have been developed based on PCR techniques in order to fulfill this aim and overcome the time-consuming approach of screening genomic libraries. Usually these protocols rely on specific requirements and strategies, such as the(More)
Plant protease inhibitors (PIs) are generally small proteins present in high concentrations in storage tissues (tubers and seeds), and to a lower level in leaves. Even if most of them are active against serine and cysteine proteases, PIs active against aspartic proteases and carboxypeptidases have also been identified. Inhibitors of serine proteases are(More)
Pest insects such as Helicoverpa spp. frequently feed on plants expressing protease inhibitors. Apparently, their digestive system can adapt to the presence of protease inhibitors. To study this, a trypsin enzyme was purified from the gut of insects that were raised on an inhibitor-containing diet. The amino-acid sequence of this enzyme was analysed by(More)