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p38α mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38α) is activated by a variety of mechanisms, including autophosphorylation initiated by TGFβ-activated kinase 1 binding protein 1 (TAB1) during myocardial ischemia and other stresses. Chemical-genetic approaches and coexpression in mammalian, bacterial and cell-free systems revealed that mouse p38α(More)
The nature of the binding mode and stoichiometry of the TMPyP4 cationic porphyrin to G-quadruplex structures continues to be controversial, with no consensus model to date, especially for intramolecular G-quadruplexes from human telomeric sequences. Those sequences possess intricate polymorphism in solution that appears to be reduced under molecular(More)
The complex between distamycin A and the parallel DNA quadruplex [d(TGGGGT)]4 has been studied by 1H NMR spectroscopy and isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC). To unambiguously assert that distamycin A interacts with the grooves of the quadruplex [d(TGGGGT)]4, we have analyzed the NMR titration profile of a modified quadruplex, namely [d(TGGMeGGT)]4, and(More)
Novel hybrid oligonucleotides carrying the G-quadruplex-forming d(5'TGGGAG3') sequence, conjugated with mono- or disaccharides at the 3' or 5'-end through phosphodiester bonds, have been synthesized as potential anti-HIV agents, via a fully automated, online phosphoramidite-based solid-phase strategy. CD-monitored thermal denaturation studies on the(More)
The growing amount of literature about G-quadruplex DNA clearly demonstrates that such a structure is no longer viewed as just a biophysical strangeness but it is instead being considered as an important target for the treatment of various human disorders such as cancers or venous thrombosis. In this scenario, with the aim of finding brand new molecular(More)
Aptamer-based drugs represent an attractive approach in pharmacological therapy. The most studied aptamer, thrombin binding aptamer (TBA), folds into a well-defined quadruplex structure and binds to its target with good specificity and affinity. Modified aptamers with improved biophysical properties could constitute a new class of therapeutic aptamers. In(More)
Human La protein is an essential factor in the biology of both coding and non-coding RNAs. In the nucleus, La binds primarily to 3' oligoU containing RNAs, while in the cytoplasm La interacts with an array of different mRNAs lacking a 3' UUU(OH) trailer. An example of the latter is the binding of La to the IRES domain IV of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA,(More)
The solution structure of a new modified thrombin binding aptamer (TBA) containing a 5'-5' inversion of polarity site, namely d(3'GGT5'-5'TGGTGTGGTTGG3'), is reported. NMR and CD spectroscopy, as well as molecular dynamic and mechanic calculations, have been used to characterize the 3D structure. The modified oligonucleotide is characterized by a chair-like(More)
The sensitive to lysis D (SlyD) protein from Escherichia coli is related to the FK506-binding protein family, and it harbours both peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase (PPIase) and chaperone-like activity, preventing aggregation and promoting the correct folding of other proteins. Whereas a functional role of SlyD as a protein-folding catalyst in vivo(More)
The La-related proteins (LARPs) form a diverse group of RNA-binding proteins characterized by the possession of a composite RNA binding unit, the La module. The La module comprises two domains, the La motif (LaM) and the RRM1, which together recognize and bind to a wide array of RNA substrates. Structural information regarding the La module is at present(More)