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Asthma is a complex heritable inflammatory disorder of the airways associated with clinical signs of atopy and bronchial hyperresponsiveness. Recent studies localized a major gene for asthma to chromosome 5q31-q33 in humans. Thus, this segment of the genome represents a candidate region for genes that determine susceptibility to bronchial(More)
The highly restricted distribution of human folate receptor-alpha (FRalpha) in normal tissues and its high expression in some tumors, along with its putative role in tumor cell transformation, make this antigen a suitable target for antigen-specific, monoclonal antibody-based immunotherapy for oncology indications. We have developed a therapeutic humanized(More)
The reversible inhibition of DNA repair is a novel approach to maximize genetic diversity within a plant's genome in order to generate offspring exhibiting important de novo output traits. This process is based on the inhibition of the evolutionarily conserved mismatch repair (MMR) system. In this process, a human dominant negative MMR gene allele is(More)
Novel therapeutic agents that are safe and effective are needed for the treatment of pancreatic, ovarian, lung adenocarcinomas and mesotheliomas. Mesothelin is a glycosyl-phosphatidyl inositol (GPI)-linked membrane protein of 40 kDa over-expressed in all pancreatic adenocarcinoma and mesothelioma, in >70% of ovarian adenocarcinoma, and in non-small cell(More)
PURPOSE Endosialin (TEM-1, CD248) is a protein expressed on the surface of activated mesenchymal cells, including certain subsets of tumors. Preclinical models suppressing endosialin function have shown antitumor activity. A humanized monoclonal antibody, MORAb-004, was engineered to target endosialin and is the first agent in clinical development for this(More)
Drug resistance is a major obstacle in the successful treatment of cancer. Thus, elucidation of the mechanisms responsible is a critical first step in trying to prevent or delay such manifestations of resistance. In this regard, three-dimensional multicellular tumor cell spheroids are intrinsically more resistant to virtually all anticancer cytotoxic drugs(More)
Because of its high mortality rate, ovarian cancer is a leading cause of death among women and a highly unmet medical need. New therapeutic agents that are effective and well tolerated are needed and cancer antigen-specific monoclonal antibodies that have direct pharmacologic effects or can stimulate immunological responses represent a promising class of(More)
Endosialin/TEM1 was originally discovered as a human embryonic fibroblast-specific antigen and was later found to be differentially expressed in tumor stroma and endothelium. Endosialin/TEM1 overexpression has been observed in many cancers of various tissue origin, including colon, breast, pancreatic, and lung. The knockout (KO) mouse model showed the(More)
We examined the long arm XY pseudoautosomal region for linkage to asthma, serum IgE, and bronchial hyperresponsiveness. In 57 Caucasian families multipoint nonparametric analyses provide evidence for linkage between DXYS154 and bronchial hyperresponsiveness (P = 0.000057) or asthma (P = 0.00065). This genomic region is approximately 320 kb in size and(More)
UNLABELLED Tumor endothelial marker 1 (TEM1/endosialin) is a tumor vascular marker highly overexpressed in multiple human cancers with minimal expression in normal adult tissue. In this study, we report the preparation and evaluation of (124)I-MORAb-004, a humanized monoclonal antibody targeting an extracellular epitope of human TEM1 (hTEM1), for its(More)