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Distributed Generation demonstrates to be able to significantly influence the electric power system, bringing considerable benefits to the quality of service and improving the energetic efficiency of the distribution network. In particular, in the last few years, Distributed Generation from renewable energy sources is considerably increased thanks to the(More)
The problem here dealt with is that of Service Restoration (SR) in automated distribution networks. In such networks, configuration and compensation level as well as loads insertion status can be remotely controlled. The considered SR problem should be handled using Multiobjective Optimization, MO, techniques since its solution requires a compromise between(More)
Keywords: Backward/forward method Radial and meshed distribution networks PV nodes Power flow a b s t r a c t A methodology for the analysis of radial or weakly meshed distribution systems supplying voltage dependent loads is here developed. The solution process is iterative and, at each step, loads are simulated by means of impedances. Therefore, at each(More)
In this paper, a new backward/forward (b/f) methodology for the analysis of distribution systems with constant power loads is presented. In the proposed method, at each iteration, the loads are considered as constant impedances; in the backward sweep all the network variables (bus voltages and branch currents) are evaluated considering a scaling factor(More)
Price arbitrage involves taking advantage of an electricity price difference, storing electricity during low-prices times, and selling it back to the grid during high-prices periods. This strategy can be exploited by customers in presence of dynamic pricing schemes, such as hourly electricity prices, where the customer electricity cost may vary at any hour(More)
Global warming and energy demand are nowadays becoming one of the major issues of the third millennium, mainly because human activities seem to have a clear impact on the raise of CO<sub>2</sub> emissions as never it has been experienced in the past. Among the different factors affecting CO<sub>2</sub> emissions, energy demand from buildings constitutes one(More)