Luigi Di Costanzo

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The M2 protein from influenza A virus is a pH-activated proton channel that mediates acidification of the interior of viral particles entrapped in endosomes. M2 is the target of the anti-influenza drugs amantadine and rimantadine; recently, resistance to these drugs in humans, birds and pigs has reached more than 90% (ref. 1). Here we describe the crystal(More)
The Protein Data Bank (PDB) is the single global repository for three-dimensional structures of biological macromolecules and their complexes, and its more than 100,000 structures contain more than 20,000 distinct ligands or small molecules bound to proteins and nucleic acids. Information about these small molecules and their interactions with proteins and(More)
The Research Collaboratory for Structural Bioinformatics Protein Data Bank (RCSB PDB,, the US data center for the global PDB archive, makes PDB data freely available to all users, from structural biologists to computational biologists and beyond. New tools and resources have been added to the RCSB PDB web portal in support of a 'Structural(More)
Human steroid 5beta-reductase (aldo-keto reductase (AKR) 1D1) catalyzes reduction of Delta(4)-ene double bonds in steroid hormones and bile acid precursors. We have reported the structures of an AKR1D1-NADP(+) binary complex, and AKR1D1-NADP(+)-cortisone, AKR1D1-NADP(+)-progesterone and AKR1D1-NADP(+)-testosterone ternary complexes at high resolutions.(More)
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