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Non-Muscle-Invasive-Bladder-Cancer represents 75-85% of the new bladder cancer cases per year. Trans-uretral vesical resection is the milestone for diagnosis and therapy. After primary treatment, recurrence is frequent depending on the presence of several established risk factors: multiplicity, T dimension, prior recurrence. In some patients disease(More)
Solitary metastases to the small bones and/or to the soft tissue of the hands and feet (acrometastases) are rare. We report a case of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with big toe metastasis revealed before the primary tumor became apparent. The best treatment for a single metastasis is always surgical excision, regardless of the lesion being synchronous or(More)
Cadmium, a widespread toxic pollutant of occupational and environmental concern, is a known human carcinogen. The prostate is a potential target for cadmium carcinogenesis, although the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. Furthermore, cadmium may induce cell death by apoptosis in various cell types, and it has been hypothesized that a key factor in(More)
CXCR4 is a chemokine receptor implicated in the metastatic process. The CXCR4 ligand, CXCL12, was shown to bind also the CXCR7 receptor, a recently deorphanized chemokine receptor whose signalling pathway and function are still controversial. This study was conducted to determine patients clinic-pathological factors and outcome according to the expressions(More)
Intratumoral injections of a replication-incompetent adenovirus (Ad) expressing melanoma differentiation-associated gene-7/interleukin-24 (Ad.mda-7), a secreted cytokine displaying cancer-selective, apoptosis-inducing properties, profoundly inhibits prostate cancer (PC) growth in immune-incompetent animals. In contrast, Ad.mda-7 is ineffective in PCs(More)
PURPOSE The quest for prognostic molecular markers in prostatic carcinoma is still in progress. Many proteins have already been screened by immunohistochemistry with the aim to find the most reliable indicator of progressive disease. In this study, we evaluated the expression of pRb2/p130, p107, p27(kip1), p53, mdm-2, and Ki-67 (MIB-1) by(More)
Prostate cancer is the most common noncutaneous malignancy in men and also the third leading cause of death due to cancer in males. The conventional initial therapy for localized advanced or metastatic disease is hormone or androgen deprivation therapy. Although hormone-based therapies generally result in rapid responses, the disease then progresses to a(More)
OBJECTIVES To prospectively evaluate the outcome of radical retropubic prostatectomy using three different techniques of vesicourethral anastomosis (VUA), with a different number of sutures used during this surgical step. METHODS Three groups of patients who had undergone nerve-sparing radical retropubic prostatectomy were compared. Overall, 90 patients(More)
Combining radiation therapy and direct intratumoral (IT) injection of adenoviral vectors has been explored as a means to enhance the therapeutic potential of gene transfer. A major challenge for gene transfer is systemic delivery of nucleic acids directly into an affected tissue. Ultrasound (US) contrast agents (microbubbles) are viable candidates to(More)
The chemokine receptor CXCR4 and CD133, putative stem cell markers, were previously described in renal cancer (RCC). To evaluate the biological and prognostic role of CD133 and CXCR4 in RCC the expression was evaluated through qPCR and immunoblotting in human renal cancer cell lines (786-O, A498, ACHN, CAKI-1, SN12C, TK10, UO31) and patients biopsies. Renal(More)