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BACKGROUND Transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) is a mild form of neonatal respiratory distress which early in its course needs to be differentiated from other severe respiratory disorders. At present the diagnosis is based on radiological findings and clinical course. Lung sonography in TTN has not yet been assessed. OBJECTIVES The aim of the study(More)
Pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis (PCH) is an uncommon pulmonary disorder, with variable clinical features depending on which lung structure is affected, and it is usually linked to pulmonary arterial hypertension. Congenital PCH has been very rarely described and, so far, the only causative gene identified is EIF2AK4, which encodes for a translation(More)
To understand language, humans must encode information from rapid, sequential streams of syllables - tracking their order and organizing them into words, phrases, and sentences. We used Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) to determine whether human neonates are born with the capacity to track the positions of syllables in multisyllabic sequences. After(More)
BACKGROUND Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is a severe form of neonatal respiratory distress which occurs almost exclusively in premature infants. At present, the diagnosis is based on radiological findings and clinical course. Lung ultrasound in RDS has not yet been fully assessed. OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to define the ultrasonographic(More)
BACKGROUND Lung ultrasound (LUS) has become more and more popular in the first decade of the 21(st) century, both in neonatal and in pediatric age groups. Several papers addressed the usefulness of this procedure mainly because of its possibility to be utilised at the bedside, without risk of irradiation along with simple and immediate interpretations of(More)
The evolution of human languages is driven both by primitive biases present in the human sensorimotor systems and by cultural transmission among speakers. However, whether the design of the language faculty is further shaped by linguistic biological biases remains controversial. To address this question, we used near-infrared spectroscopy to examine whether(More)
BACKGROUND Lung ultrasound (LUS) is a promising technique for the diagnosis of neonatal respiratory diseases. Preliminary data has shown a good sensitivity and specificity of LUS in the diagnosis of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN). OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to calculate the sensitivity,(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the reliability of lung sonography in neonates between physician interpreters with different degrees of experience. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed lung sonograms from neonates admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit with respiratory distress in the first 24 hours of life. The first scans were selected; only patients with(More)