Luigi Catacuzzeno

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L-type calcium channels are Ca(2+) binding proteins of great biological importance. They generate an essential intracellular signal of living cells by allowing Ca(2+) ions to move across the lipid membrane into the cell, thereby selecting an ion that is in low extracellular abundance. Their mechanism of selection involves four carboxylate groups, containing(More)
The properties of single Ca2+-activated K+ (BK) channels in neonatal rat intracardiac neurons were investigated using the patch-clamp recording technique. In symmetrical 140 mM K+, the single-channel slope conductance was linear in the voltage range –60/+60 mV, and was 207±19 pS. Na+ ions were not measurably permeant through the open channel. Channel(More)
1. The mechanism of verapamil block of the delayed rectifier K currents (I K(DR)) in chick dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons was investigated using the whole-cell patch clamp configuration. In particular we focused on the location of the blocking site, and the active form (neutral or charged) of verapamil using the permanently charged verapamil analogue(More)
Familial hemiplegic migraine type-1 (FHM1), a monogenic subtype of migraine with aura, is caused by gain-of-function mutations in Ca(V)2.1 (P/Q-type) calcium channels. The consequences of FHM1 mutations on the trigeminovascular pathway that generates migraine headache remain largely unexplored. Here we studied the calcium currents and excitability(More)
 We have used the patch-clamp method in the whole-cell configuration to investigate the mechanism of block of the delayed rectifier K current (I DRK) by verapamil in embryonic chick dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons. Verapamil induced a dose-dependent decay of the current, without altering its activation kinetics. This observation, together with the good(More)
The effects of verapamil and related phenylalkylamines on neuronal excitability were investigated in isolated neurons of rat intracardiac ganglia using whole-cell perforated patch-clamp recording. Verapamil (>/=10 microM) inhibits tonic firing observed in response to depolarizing current pulses at 22 degrees C. The inhibition of discharge activity is not(More)
In adult mouse trigeminal ganglion (TG) neurones we identified three neuronal subpopulations, defined in terms of their firing response to protracted depolarizations, namely MF neurones, characterized by a multiple tonic firing; DMF neurones, characterized by a delay before the beginning of repetitive firing; and SS neurones, characterized by a strongly(More)
Outward K currents and electrical resonance of frog (Rana esculenta) saccular hair cells isolated enzymatically with bacterial protease VIII were investigated using the perforated patch-clamp method. Under voltage-clamp conditions we identified two K currents, a voltage-dependent K (K(V)) current, and a partially inactivating iberiotoxin-sensitive K (BK)(More)
Spontaneous membrane voltage oscillations were found in 27 of 130 isolated frog saccular hair cells. Voltage oscillations had a mean peak-to-peak amplitude of 23 mV and a mean oscillatory frequency of 4.6 Hz. When compared with non-oscillatory cells, oscillatory cells had significantly greater hyperpolarization-activated and lower depolarization-activated(More)
Episodic ataxia type 1 (EA1) is an autosomal dominant K(+) channelopathy which manifests with short attacks of cerebellar ataxia and dysarthria, and may also show interictal myokymia. Episodes can be triggered by emotional or physical stress, startle response, sudden postural change or fever. Here we describe a 31-year-old man displaying markedly atypical(More)