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1. The mechanism of verapamil block of the delayed rectifier K currents (I K(DR)) in chick dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons was investigated using the whole-cell patch clamp configuration. In particular we focused on the location of the blocking site, and the active form (neutral or charged) of verapamil using the permanently charged verapamil analogue(More)
L-type calcium channels are Ca(2+) binding proteins of great biological importance. They generate an essential intracellular signal of living cells by allowing Ca(2+) ions to move across the lipid membrane into the cell, thereby selecting an ion that is in low extracellular abundance. Their mechanism of selection involves four carboxylate groups, containing(More)
The effects of verapamil and related phenylalkylamines on neuronal excitability were investigated in isolated neurons of rat intracardiac ganglia using whole-cell perforated patch-clamp recording. Verapamil (>/=10 microM) inhibits tonic firing observed in response to depolarizing current pulses at 22 degrees C. The inhibition of discharge activity is not(More)
The properties of single Ca2+-activated K+ (BK) channels in neonatal rat intracardiac neurons were investigated using the patch-clamp recording technique. In symmetrical 140 mM K+, the single-channel slope conductance was linear in the voltage range –60/+60 mV, and was 207±19 pS. Na+ ions were not measurably permeant through the open channel. Channel(More)
 We have used the patch-clamp method in the whole-cell configuration to investigate the mechanism of block of the delayed rectifier K current (I DRK) by verapamil in embryonic chick dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons. Verapamil induced a dose-dependent decay of the current, without altering its activation kinetics. This observation, together with the good(More)
Outward K currents and electrical resonance of frog (Rana esculenta) saccular hair cells isolated enzymatically with bacterial protease VIII were investigated using the perforated patch-clamp method. Under voltage-clamp conditions we identified two K currents, a voltage-dependent K (K(V)) current, and a partially inactivating iberiotoxin-sensitive K (BK)(More)
Episodic ataxia type 1 (EA1) is an autosomal dominant K(+) channelopathy which manifests with short attacks of cerebellar ataxia and dysarthria, and may also show interictal myokymia. Episodes can be triggered by emotional or physical stress, startle response, sudden postural change or fever. Here we describe a 31-year-old man displaying markedly atypical(More)
Fioretti, Bernard, Tiziana Pietrangelo, Luigi Catacuzzeno, and Fabio Franciolini. Intermediate-conductance Ca -activated K channel is expressed in C2C12 myoblasts and is downregulated during myogenesis. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 289: C89–C96, 2005. First published March 2, 2005; doi:10.1152/ajpcell.00369.2004.—We report here the expression in C2C12(More)
We report here the expression in C2C12 myoblasts of the intermediate-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ (IK(Ca)) channel. The IK(Ca) current, recorded under perforated-patch configuration, had a transient time course when activated by ionomycin (0.5 microM; peak current density 26.2 +/- 3.7 pA/pF; n = 10), but ionomycin (0.5 microM) +(More)
Short QT3 syndrome (SQT3S) is a cardiac disorder characterized by a high risk of mortality and associated with mutations in Kir2.1 (KCNJ2) channels. The molecular mechanisms leading to channel dysfunction, cardiac rhythm disturbances and neurodevelopmental disorders, potentially associated with SQT3S, remain incompletely understood. Here, we report on(More)