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In this paper, we applied online neuroevolution to evolve nonplayer characters for The Open Racing Car Simulator (TORCS). While previous approaches allowed online learning with performance improvements during each generation, our approach enables a finer grained online learning with performance improvements within each lap. We tested our approach on three(More)
Arteries exhibit a remarkable ability to adapt to sustained alterations in biomechanical loading, probably via mechanisms that are similarly involved in many arterial pathologies and responses to treatment. Of particular note, diverse data suggest that cell and matrix turnover within vasoaltered states enables arteries to adapt to sustained changes in blood(More)
In this paper, we overview the 2009 Simulated Car Racing Championship-an event comprising three competitions held in association with the 2009 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC), the 2009 ACM Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference (GECCO), and the 2009 IEEE Symposium on Computational Intelligence and Games (CIG). First, we describe the(More)
Modern computer games are at the same time an attractive application domain and an interesting testbed for the evolutionary computation techniques. In this paper we apply NeuroEvolution of Augmenting Topologies (NEAT), a well known neuroevolution approach, to evolve competitive non-player characters for a racing game. In particular, we focused on The Open(More)
We address the problem of automatically designing maps for first-person shooter (FPS) games. An efficient solution to this procedural content generation (PCG) problem could allow the design of FPS games of lower development cost with near-infinite replay value and capability to adapt to the skills and preferences of individual players. We propose a(More)
We present a framework for the procedural generation of tracks for a high-end car racing game (TORCS) using interactive evolution. The framework maintains multiple populations and allow users to work both on their own population (in single-user mode) or to collaborate with other users on a shared population. Our architecture comprises a web frontend and an(More)
In this paper, we apply imitation learning to develop drivers for The Open Racing Car Simulator (TORCS). Our approach can be classified as a direct method in that it applies supervised learning to learn car racing behaviors from the data collected from other drivers. In the literature, this approach is known to have led to extremely poor performance with(More)
In this paper, we investigate the application of evolutionary computation to the automatic generation of tracks for high-end racing games. The idea underlying our approach is that diversity is a major source of challenge/interest for racing tracks and, eventually, might play a key role in contributing to the player's fun. In particular, we focus on the(More)
— In modern racing games programming non-player characters with believable and sophisticated behaviors is getting increasingly challenging. Recently, several works in the literature suggested that computational intelligence can provide effective solutions to support the development process of NPCs.